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Person

Daniel J Wieferich

Physical Scientist

Biogeographic Characterization

Email: dwieferich@usgs.gov
Office Phone: 303-202-4603
Fax: 303-202-4710
ORCID: 0000-0003-1554-7992

Supervisor: Sky Bristol
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In the mostly arid Southwestern United States, water availability (hydrology – a key fish habitat process), wildfires, and grazing intensity are important disturbances that are known to have major, negative effects on fish habitats. While this assessment indicated that many of the streams in this region are in good condition, a number of key habitat variables (i.e. water availability, wildlife frequency and intensity, and grazing intensity) could not be directly included in this assessment because national datasets of these disturbances and their measured variable are unavailable. Their absence from this assessment, along with absences of other disturbances, has likely produced an overestimation of habitat condition...
This is the version of Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) that was used in the National Fish Habitat Partnership's 2015 National Assessment of Fish Habitat. No alterations were made to the data after download. Data and full metadata are attached.
Lands within the watersheds of the Great Plains streams that are not used for crops are often used for cattle grazing and hay production. Northern Plains States are one of the nation’s top producers of cattle, which outnumber people almost three to one in North Dakota. Cattle can have direct habitat impacts by trampling stream banks, which destroys beneficial vegetation and increases sedimentation and nutrient loads. Hofmann and Ries (1991) found that livestock increased sediment runoff in North Dakota streams. Schepers and Francis (1982) reported that runoff from a Nebraska cattle farm increased total phosphorus levels in runoff by 37%. In addition, cattle watering ponds, often constructed by diverting streams,...
This item provides the ScienceBase query that identifies components of the fish habitat assessments within the Central Midwest States. It also contains a link to a configuration file that pulls these pieces of information into a logical order. This information can be accessed through the ScienceBase API to display a summary of fish habitat assessment information for the Central Mississippi River States.
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