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Delwyn S Oki


Pacific Islands Water Science Center

Office Phone: 808-690-9598
Fax: 808-690-9599
ORCID: 0000-0002-6913-8804

Supervisor: Stephen J Zahniser
This data release contains the source code, executable file, and example files for WATRMod, a Water-budget Accounting for Tropical Regions Model code that is documented in U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2022-1013 available at The source code is written in the Fortran computer language. The model source code was compiled using Intel(R) Visual Fortran Intel(R) 64 for Windows, version 11.0.061, Copyright(C) 1985-2008. WATRMod can be executed (run) in a Command window by typing the command WATRMod1 (preceded by the appropriate path to the file WATRMod1.exe if the file WATRMod1.exe does not reside in the folder from which the command is issued) at the prompt; the file WATRMOD.FIL...
Major floods in Southeast Alaska and Hawaiʻi that potentially threaten life, property, and culturally significant resources and ecosystems are caused by mechanisms related to intense precipitation for both locations as well as snow melt-based processes for Alaska. Small, high-gradient, and heavily vegetated watersheds with direct contribution to the ocean are common in both locations. To understand how climate change may affect flooding in these regions, an analysis of the underlying mechanisms that cause flooding is needed. The scope of this study includes an analysis of annual peak-streamflow records from long-term streamgages in Southeast Alaska and Hawaiʻi to determine whether the main flood-producing mechanisms...
Climate change in Hawaiʻi is expected to result in increasing temperatures and varying precipitation through the twenty-first century. Already, high elevation areas have experienced rapidly increasing temperatures and there has been an increase in the frequency of drought across the Islands. These climatic changes could have significant impacts on Hawaiʻi’s plants and animals. Changes in temperature and moisture may make current habitat no longer suitable for some species, and could allow invasive species to spread into new areas. Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is home to 23 species of endangered vascular plants and 15 species of endangered trees. Understanding how climate change may impact the park’s plants...
This data release consists of a comma-delimited ascii file with attributes for 21 U.S. Geological Survey streamgage sites in Hawai‘i and Southeast Alaska selected to enable assessment of how floods might change in a future climate. Floods in Hawai‘i and Southeast Alaska have led to loss of human life; damage to agricultural crops, cultural and biological resources, infrastructure, and property; threats to public health; and conditions that are highly disruptive to residents and visitors. Floods are generated by atmospheric and terrestrial processes that may be enhanced or depressed in response to climate change. Understanding the mechanisms that generate floods can be useful for assessing how floods may change in...
Drought is a signifcant climate feature in Hawai‘i and the U.S.-Affliated Pacifc Islands (USAPI), at times causing severe impacts across multiple sectors. Below-average precipitation anomalies are often accompanied by higher-than-average temperatures and reduced cloud cover. The resulting higher insolation and evapotranspiration can exacerbate the effects of reduced rainfall. These altered meteorological conditions lead to less soil moisture. Depending on the persistence and severity of the conditions, drier soil can cause plant stress, affecting both agricultural and natural systems. Hydrological effects of drought include reductions in streamfow, groundwater recharge, and groundwater discharge to springs, streams,...
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