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Person

James B Shanley

Research Hydrologist

New England Water Science Center

Email: jshanley@usgs.gov
Office Phone: 802-828-4466
Fax: 802-828-4465
ORCID: 0000-0002-4234-3437

Location
P.O. Box 628
Montpelier , VT 05602-2956
US

Supervisor: Kirk P Smith
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Soil frost measurements have been made at Sleepers River Research Watershed starting in 1983. Measurements were made by U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory from 1983 to 1993, followed by the U.S. Geological Survey from 1993 to the present. Measurements started at 5 sites and has increased to 10 sites. Sites range in elevation from 225 to 670 meters and are in a mix of field and forest types. Soil frost measurements are made with tubes filled with methylene blue solution; on freezing, the methylene blue remains in the liquid phase, yielding clear ice that marks the depth of soil frost (Ricard and others, 1976). Soil frost measurements typically are made 2 to 4 times a month...
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This data release supports publications on the Sleepers River Research Watershed near Danville, Vermont. Most of the research at Sleepers River takes place at W-9, the 40.5-hectare forested headwater site. Topics include understanding hydrologic flow paths, biogeochemical cycling, and organic carbon dynamics. Flow and precipitation data are integral to understanding these processes, for example by combining flow and chemical concentrations to compute solute export from the catchment. These records begin in late September 1991 and extend through calendar year 2018. The release includes five-minute data for discharge, daily data for precipitation, runoff,and maximum and minimum air temperature, and an annual tabulation...
The Sleepers River Research Watershed, near Danville, Vermont, is a 111-square-kilometer watershed established in 1958 by the Agricultural Research Service.The research watershed has since been operated by three other federal agencies: National Weather Service, U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL), and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). USGS started at the site in collaboration with CRREL in 1991 and has been the sole operating entity since 2000. From 1991 to 2017, the research watershed was part of the national 5-site network of the USGS Water, Energy, and Biogeochemical Budgets (WEBB) program. Since 2017 Sleepers has been funded by USGS Land Change Science to continue the core measurements...
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The dataset presents 5- or 15-minute data for turbidity and Fluorescent Dissolved Organic Matter (FDOM) measured by in-stream sensors at the USGS gage Río Icacos near Naguabo (50075000), Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico. The measurement period was 10 March, 2017 to 1 March, 2019. The USGS sensors were co-located with sensors for nitrate and specific conductance operated by University of New Hampshire (UNH), and these datasets are all used in the accompanying publication. A 4-month gap in turbidity in 2018 was mostly filled by UNH data, using a relation between USGS turbidity and co-located UNH turbidity when both sensors were operating. The main metric used in the journal paper was the ratio of coefficient...
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The transport of dissolved organic matter (DOM) by rivers is an important component of the global carbon cycle, affects ecosystems and water quality, and reflects biogeochemical and hydrological processes in watersheds. Understanding the fundamental relationships between discharge and DOM concentration and composition reveals important information about watershed flow paths, soil flushing, connectivity to riparian zones, organic matter leaching, soil moisture, and climatic influences. Data to describe these processes - both magnitude and timing - is critical for modeling and predicting watershed DOM dynamics, particularly in light of land use and climate change . Despite several decades of data collection, a synthesis...
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