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Donald F. Amend

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Juvenile sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) were injected with the infectious hematopoietic necrosis (IHN) virus, and tissue samples from the anterior kidney, spleen, liver, intestine, and pyloric caeca of moribund fish were prepared for electron microscopy. Bullet-shaped virus particles measuring 158 × 90 mμ were observed in the hematopoietic tissues of the anterior kidney and spleen. Virus particles were also observed in the outer connective tissues of the pancreas or pyloric caeca, or both. No virus was found in the intestine or liver. The healthy appearance of erythrocytes, reticular cells, and endothelial cells in necrotic areas of the spleen and anterior kidney, and the absence of lymphocytes in these areas,...
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A virus disease of juvenile sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) has been a problem in Washington hatcheries since first reported by Rucker [9] in 1953. Presumably, the same disease has occurred in Oregon, and it is now referred to as the Oregon, and it is now referred to as the Oregon sockeye disease (OSD) or the sockeye salmon virus (SSV) [8,12]. The primary source of the disease was thought to be from the feeding of raw sockeye salmon viscera, and the incidence decreased when pasteurized diets were used [5]. However, sporadic attacks continue to occur even though pelleted diets containing pasteurized fish products are fed.
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Progressive Fish-Culturist
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P-7138 is a new, broad-spectrum, vinylogous, nitrofuran chemotherapeutic that was developed specifically for treating fish diseases. Although it can be added to the diet of fish, therapeutic tissue levels can be obtained in eels (Anguilla japonica) and goldfish (Carassius auratur) by absorption of the drug directly from the water. Moreover, the drug is eliminated from the tissues within hours and shows a low level of toxicity (Shimizu and Takase 1967). The purpose of the present study was to deterime 910 the efficacy of P-7138 in controlling an experimentally induced Chrondrococcus columnaris infection, 920 the absorption and elimination rates, and 930 the degree of acute and chronic toxicity to coho salmon (Oncorhynchus...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Progressive Fish-Culturist
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This study determined the influence of water temperature (55–68° F), dissolved oxygen (4–12 ppm), water hardness as CaCO3 (20–256 ppm), and chloride ions (to 2 mM) on the susceptibility of rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) to the acute toxicity of ethyl mercury phosphate (EMP). The fish were exposed for one hour to 0.125 ppm EMP, the active ingredient of Timsan, a commercial EMP formulation. The death rate because of the exposure to EMP increased with an increase in water temperature, a decrease in dissolved oxygen, and an increase in chloride ions; calcium appeared to have no effect. The effect of water temperature and dissolved oxygen was ascribed to changes in the respiration rate of the fish, and a chemical explanation...
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