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In 1996 the US Geological Survey (USGS) began a national flux-based water quality monitoring programme in the Mississippi, Columbia, Colorado, and Rio Grande basins. Suspended sediment flux estimates for periods greater than a year are generally accurate within ??15%. Discharge and suspended sediment concentrations varied much more than chemical levels. Most trace element concentrations are not elevated except Zn and Hg in the Ohio River, and Ag, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd, Cr, Co, Ba, Mo, Sb, Hg, and Fe in the upper Columbia River, which is impacted by mining waste. The majority (???70%) of Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni, Ba, P, As, Fe, Mn, and Al are transported by suspended sediment; Sr transported seems dominated by the dissolved phase,...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation
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The intense application of nitrogen-fertilizer to cropland in the midwestern United States has created concern about nitrate contamination of the region's aquifers. Since 1991, the US Geological Survey has used a network of 303 wells to investigate the regional distribution of nitrate in near-surface aquifers of the midwestern United States. Detailed land use and soil data were compiled within a 2 km radius of 100 unconsolidated wells in the regional network to determine relations to nitrate concentrations in groundwater. For land use, the amount of irrigated land was directly related to nitrate concentrations in groundwater. For soils, the general water table depth and soil factors associated with rates of water...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: IAHS-AISH Publication
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