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Roger D. Borcherdt

Strong ground motion generated by the Loma Prieta, Calif., earthquake (MS~7.1) of October 17, 1989, resulted in at least 63 deaths, more than 3,757 injuries, and damage estimated to exceed $5.9 billion. Strong ground motion severely damaged critical lifelines (freeway overpasses, bridges, and pipelines), caused severe damage to poorly constructed buildings, and induced a significant number of ground failures associated with liquefaction and landsliding. It also caused a significant proportion of the damage and loss of life at distances as far as 100 km from the epicenter. Consequently, understanding the characteristics of the strong ground motion associated with the earthquake is fundamental to understanding the...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Professional Paper
The physical characteristics for general plane-wave radiation fields in an arbitrary linear viscoelastic solid are derived. Expressions for the characteristics of inhomogeneous wave fields, derived in terms of those for homogeneous fields, are utilized to specify the characteristics and a set of reference curves for general P and S wave fields in arbitrary viscoelastic solids as a function of wave inhomogeneity and intrinsic material absorption. The expressions show that an increase in inhomogeneity of the wave fields cause the velocity to decrease, the fractional-energy loss (Q** minus **1) to increase, the deviation of maximum energy flow with respect to phase propagation to increase, and the elliptical particle...
This map shows maximum earthquake intensity predicted at specific sites using the empirical relations derived from the reliable 1906 intensity data (figs. 3 and 4; see text). The numbers 4-0 correspond to letters A-E, respectively, of the San Francisco intensity scale. The predicted intensity value shown for each site is the maximum of those predicted for the site assuming that a large earthquake were to occur on either the San Andreas or the Hayward fault. The map suggests that an earthquake on either fault could cause as much damage at some sites distant from the faults as at sites in the immediate zone of potential surface faulting.
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