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T.J. Parisot

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During the 10 to 15 years investigators from Europe and eastern United States have reported fish diseases of virus etiology. Rucker et al. in 1953 were the first to report a disease of possible virus origin in fish in the western United States. Since then many workers in the western states have described various epizootics caused by transmissible and filterable agents. The etiology and pathology of epizootics reported to date have been three viral diseases: (1) specific for sockeye salmon (Onchorhynchus nerka), (2) specific for chinook salmon (O. tshawytacha); and (3) isolated from rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). brook trout (Salvalinus fontinalis). and cutthroat trout ( Salmo clarkii). The most recent historical,...
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Induction of the innate immune pathways is critical for early anti-viral defense but there is limited understanding of how teleost fish recognize viral molecules and activate these pathways. In mammals, Toll-like receptors (TLR) 7 and 8 bind single-stranded RNA of viral origin and are activated by synthetic anti-viral imidazoquinoline compounds. Herein, we identify and describe the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) TLR7 and TLR8 gene orthologs and their mRNA expression. Two TLR7/8 loci were identified from a rainbow trout bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library using DNA fingerprinting and genetic linkage analyses. Direct sequencing of two representative BACs revealed intact omTLR7and omTLR8a1 open reading...
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The immune response among fish, from a phylogenetic standpoint, presents a progressive pattern of increasing development. The cyclostomes have been shown to have only feeble immunologic responsiveness. One of their number, the hagfish, appeared to be totally lacking in the ability to actively acquire antibodies.Among the elasmobranchs, the sharks have received the most study immunologically. This group demonstrated a variable response to antigenic stimulationOf the teleosts, the salmonids and the cyprinids have been the more frequent recipients of experimentally introduced antigens. These fishes, as well as other species of teleosts, are quite active and quite consistent in their response to various antigens.
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No abstract available at this time
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Fish Disease Leaflet
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