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Fish assemblages in Macrocystis and Nereocystis kelp forrests off Central California

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Fish assemblages in Macrocystis and Nereocystis kelp forrests off Central California; 1986; Article; Journal; Fishery Bulletin; Bodkin, J. L.

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Golden Bear Oil or GB-1111 is a petroleum distillate that is used throughout the United States as a larvicide for mosquito pupae. The oil forms a barrier at the air-water interface, which suffocates air-breathing insects. There are few published studies on non-target effects of GB-1111 but the product label warns that ?GB-1111 is toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms.? Fertile eggs of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) and bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) were incubated in the laboratory, and treated on days 4 or 11 of incubation with external applications equivalent to either 0, 1/3, 1, 3, or 10 times the maximum rate (5 gal/A) of field application of GB-1111. Hatching success was significantly reduced in mallards treated on day 4 or [...]

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 1012914
local-pk unknown 1012914
series unknown Fishery Bulletin

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journalFishery Bulletin
parts
typevolume
value84
typeissue
value4
languageEnglish
citationTypeArticle

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