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Effects of the mosquito larvicide GB-1111 on mallard and bobwhite embryos

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Effects of the mosquito larvicide GB-1111 on mallard and bobwhite embryos; 2000; Article; Journal; Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, annual meeting abstract book ; Stickel, W.H.

Summary

Golden Bear Oil or GB-1111 is a petroleum distillate that is used throughout the United States as a larvicide for mosquito pupae. The oil forms a barrier at the air-water interface, which suffocates air-breathing insects. There are few published studies on non-target effects of GB-1111 but the product label warns that ?GB-1111 is toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms.? Fertile eggs of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) and bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) were incubated in the laboratory, and treated on days 4 or 11 of incubation with external applications equivalent to either 0, 1/3, 1, 3, or 10 times the maximum rate (5 gal/A) of field application of GB-1111. Hatching success was significantly reduced in mallards treated on day 4 or [...]

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Author :
W.H. Stickel

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Harvested on Mon Jul 21 12:08:29 MDT 2014 from MODS XML Service

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 5224166
local-pk unknown 5224166
series unknown Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, annual meeting abstract book

Citation Extension

journalSociety of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, annual meeting abstract book
parts
typevolume
value21
languageEnglish
citationTypeArticle

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