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Effects of oral doses of fluoride on nestling European starlings

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Effects of oral doses of fluoride on nestling European starlings; 1987; Article; Journal; Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Fleming, W.J.; Grue, C.E.; Schuler, C.A.; Bunck, C.M.

Summary

Nestling European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris), raised and fed by free-living adults, were given daily oral doses of either distilled water, 193 mg sodium as Na2CO3 per kg of body weight (sodium control group), or 6, 10, 13, 17,23, 30, 40, 80, 160 mg of the fluoride ion as NaF in distilled water per kg of body weight (mg/kg). Dosing began when nestlings were 24-48 hr old and continued for 16 days. The 24-hr LD50 of fluoride for day-old starlings was 50 mg/kg. The 16-day LD50 was 17 mg/kg. The sodium control group did not differ from the water control group with respect to any of the measured variables. Growth rates were significantly reduced in the 13 and 17 mg of fluoride/kg groups; weights of birds given higher dose levels were omitted [...]

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 5222196
local-pk unknown 5222196
series unknown Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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journalArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
parts
typevolume
value16
typeissue
value4
languageEnglish
citationTypeArticle

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