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Approaches for assessment of terrestrial vertebrate responses to contaminants: moving beyond individual organisms

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Approaches for assessment of terrestrial vertebrate responses to contaminants: moving beyond individual organisms; 2000; Book chapter; Environmental Contaminants and Terrestrial Vertebrates: Effects on Populations, Communities, and Ecosystems; Albers, P.H.; Heinz, G.H.; Hall, R.J.

Summary

Conclusions: A need for a broader range ofinformation on effects of contaminants on individuals exists among the 4 classes of terrestrial vertebrates, especially mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. Separation of contaminant effects from other effects and reduction of speculative extrapolation within and among species requires information that can be produced only by combined field and laboratory investigations that incorporate seasonal or annual cycles and important spatial and interaction conditions. Assessments of contaminant effects at the population level and higher are frequently dependent on extrapolations from a lower organizational level. Actual measurements of the effects of contaminants on populations or communities, possibly [...]

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local-index unknown 5211060
local-pk unknown 5211060

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citationTypeBook chapter
languageEnglish
parts
typePublication Place
valuePensacola, FL

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