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Effects of Phos-Chek G75-F and Silv-Ex on developing Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus)

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Effects of Phos-Chek G75-F and Silv-Ex on developing Northern Bobwhite Quail (Colinus virginianus); 2002; Article; Journal; Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; Buscemi, D.M.; Hoffman, D.J.; Vyas, N. B.; Spann, J.W.; Kuenzel, W.J.

Summary

Eggs of nesting birds situated in peripheral areas serving as fire breaks are at risk of being sprayed with fire control chemicals. Acute toxicity tests were conducted by immersing northern bobwhite quail eggs for 10 s in different water-based concentrations of Silv-Ex? (SE), a foam-suppressant chemical, and Phos-Chek? G75-F (PC), a fire retardant chemical, on day 4 or day 11 of incubation. An attempt was made to relate the treatment concentrations to the actual field application levels. Mortality appeared higher in most groups exposed on day 11 than on day 4, suggesting that on day 11 the extensive chorioallantoic vascular network permitted greater uptake of chemical. Only 24-60% of the embryos survived to hatch at exposure concentrations [...]

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 5224189
local-pk unknown 5224189
series unknown Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

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journalArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
parts
typevolume
value43
typeissue
value3
languageEnglish
citationTypeArticle

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