This map service is an information surface which displays the hydrologic soil group class of each soil map unit based upon the dominant component in the soil map unit.
Hydrologic soil groups are based on estimates of runoff potential. Soils are assigned to one of four groups according to the rate of water infiltration when the soils are not protected by vegetation, are thoroughly wet, and receive precipitation from long-duration storms.
The soils in the United States are assigned to four groups (A, B, C, and D) and three dual classes (A/D, B/D, and C/D). The groups are defined as follows:
Group A. Soils having a high infiltration rate (low runoff potential) when thoroughly wet. These consist mainly of deep, well drained to excessively drained sands or gravelly sands. These soils have a high rate of water transmission.
Group B. Soils having a moderate infiltration rate when thoroughly wet. These consist chiefly of moderately deep or deep, moderately well drained or well drained soils that have moderately fine texture to moderately coarse texture. These soils have a moderate rate of water transmission.
Group C. Soils having a slow infiltration rate when thoroughly wet. These consist chiefly of soils having a layer that impedes the downward movement of water or soils of moderately fine texture or fine texture. These soils have a slow rate of water transmission.
Group D. Soils having a very slow infiltration rate (high runoff potential) when thoroughly wet. These consist chiefly of clays that have a high shrink-swell potential, soils that have a high water table, soils that have a claypan or clay layer at or near the surface, and soils that are shallow over nearly impervious material. These soils have a very slow rate of water transmission.
If a soil is assigned to a dual hydrologic group (A/D, B/D, or C/D), the first letter is for drained areas and the second is for undrained areas. Only the soils that in their natural condition are in group D are assigned to dual classes.
Esri is providing NRCS SSURGO content here without modification except for some cartography and publishing necessary to facilitate esri user access to these data. Of course, esri will continue to update this information as new editions of the SSURGO dataset are published by NRCS.
This map service is a representation of the NRCS SSURGO data table MUAGGATT, field HYDGRPDCD. The map service will display at scales between 15,000 and 600,000, but the intended scale of the data is 1:24,000. It is based entirely on the US Natural Resources Conservation Service SSURGO polygon dataset, mapped for every part of the United States that has come under survey. Some parts of the United States have not yet been mapped, and in a sense the SSURGO dataset is a seamless collection of individual soil survey maps rather than a single map for the whole United States. As a result, there may be inconsistencies between adjacent surveys because surveys may have been compiled in different decades and with slightly different methods and staff.
The map service is being served to you from a service in the amazon cloud. The map service is published in unprojected geographic space, in coordinate system WGS84. Because the map is published unprojected, it can be projected dynamically to order into the projection of your choosing. This means you can use the map service in any map, not just a "web mercator" projection. This also may mean it will take a second or two to draw your map to order. We welcome your comments on the speed and convenience of this map service.
For best results, this map service is designed to be shown over relief with about 50% transparency. We also recommend for context using the US Hydro Reference Overlay available from arcgis.com here.
A web map that combines this service with a terrain basemap and the US Hydro Reference Overlay is available here.