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The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on the toxicity of fire-fighting chemicals

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The effects of ultraviolet-B radiation on the toxicity of fire-fighting chemicals; 2003; Article; Journal; Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry; Calfee, R. D.; Little, E. E.

Summary

The interactive effects of ultraviolet (UV) and fire-retardant chemicals were evaluated by exposing rainbow trout (Oncorhyncus mykiss) juveniles and tadpoles of southern leopard frogs (Rana sphenocephala) to six fire-retardant formulations with and without sodium ferrocyanide (yellow prussiate of soda [YPS]) and to YPS alone under three simulated UV light treatments. Yellow prussiate of soda is used as a corrosion inhibitor in some of the fire-retardant chemical formulations. The underwater UV intensities measured were about 2 to 10% of surface irradiance measured in various aquatic habitats and were within tolerance limits for the species tested. Mortality of trout and tadpoles exposed to Fire-Trol?? GTS-R, Fire-Trol 300-F, Fire-Trol [...]

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Harvested on Mon Jul 21 14:28:08 MDT 2014 from MODS XML Service

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 70025803
local-pk unknown 70025803
doi http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/mods-outline-3-5.html#identifier doi:10.1897/1551-5028(2003)22<1525:TEOURO>2.0.CO;2
series unknown Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

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journalEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry
parts
typevolume
value22
typeissue
value7
languageEnglish
citationTypeArticle

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