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Crude Oil at the Bemidji Site: 25 Years of Monitoring, Modeling, and Understanding

Dates

Year
2011

Citation

Essaid, Hedeff I, Bekins, Barbara A, Herkelrath, William N, and Delin, Geoffrey N, 2011, Crude Oil at the Bemidji Site: 25 Years of Monitoring, Modeling, and Understanding: Ground Water, v. 49, iss. 5, p. 706-726 LA - en.

Summary

The fate of hydrocarbons in the subsurface near Bemidji, Minnesota, has been investigated by a multidisciplinary group of scientists for over a quarter century. Research at Bemidji has involved extensive investigations of multiphase flow and transport, volatilization, dissolution, geochemical interactions, microbial populations, and biodegradation with the goal of providing an improved understanding of the natural processes limiting the extent of hydrocarbon contamination. A considerable volume of oil remains in the subsurface today despite 30 years of natural attenuation and 5 years of pump-and-skim remediation. Studies at Bemidji were among the first to document the importance of anaerobic biodegradation processes for hydrocarbon [...]

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Communities

  • USGS National Research Program

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Added to ScienceBase on Fri Apr 19 11:15:14 MDT 2013 by processing file <b>Multiphase Flow, Transport, Reaction, and Biodegradation.xml</b> in item <a href="https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/51117dcfe4b03611765639d6">https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/51117dcfe4b03611765639d6</a>

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI http://sciencebase.gov/vocab/identifierScheme 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00654.x

Citation Extension

journalGround Water
parts
typePages
value706-726 LA - en
typeVolume
value49
typeIssue
value5
citationTypeJournal Article

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