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Mary M Rowland, Michael J Wisdom, Bruce K Johnson, and John G Kie, 2000, Elk distribution and modeling in relation to roads: Journal of Wildlife Management 64, no. 3 (2000): 672-684.


Conclusions: Elk habitat selection ratios varied in response to road pattern. Regularly spaced roads negatively influenced habitat selection, whereas a clumped pattern supported larger blocks of road-free habitat. Road density threshold at which elk could still occur in high numbers: 1.5 km/km⊃2; Thresholds/Learnings: Road density threshold at which elk could still occur in high numbers: 1.5 km/km⊃2; Synopsis: This study tested 3 aspects of an elk road density model to determine patterns of elk behavior relative to road density and configuration. The study compared model predictions with observed values of elk habitat selection at varying levels of road density. It also compared the effect of different spatial patterns of roads on [...]



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journalJournal of Wildlife Management 64, no. 3 (2000): 672-684
citationTypeJournal Article

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