Skip to main content
USGS - science for a changing world

Response of wintering grassland raptors to human disturbance.

Dates

Publication Date

Citation

Holmes, T. L., Knight, R. L., Stegall, L. , and Craig, G. R. , 1993, Response of wintering grassland raptors to human disturbance.: Wildlife Society Bulletin 21, no. 4 (1993): 461-463.

Summary

Conclusions: The study recorded flushing responses (whether or not an animal fled in response to disturbance) and flush distances of 6 species of diurnal raptors exposed to walking and vehicle disturbances in order to calculate minimum distances for species-specific buffer zones. In general, walking disturbances resulted in more flushing than vehicle disturbances for all species except the prairie falcon. For walking disturbances, a linear relationship existed between flight distance and body mass, with lighter species flushing at shorter distances; however, this trend did not hold for vehicle disturbance. Birds flushed at much shorter distances in response to approaching vehicles. Thresholds/Learnings: Buffer zones that would prevent [...]

Contacts

Map

Spatial Services

ScienceBase WMS

Communities

  • Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative
  • LC MAP - Landscape Conservation Management and Analysis Portal
  • Landscape Patterns Catalog

Tags

Provenance

Data source
File Processing
Added to ScienceBase on Thu Feb 20 15:25:46 UTC 2014 by processing file <b>LandscapePattern_Database_5_9_AMENDED_MattsBibEdits_v2.xlsx</b> Augmented by Greg Nelson Jan 15, 2015.
File Process
Type
Excel
Reference Item
Landscape Patterns Catalog
Reference File
LandscapePattern_Database_5_9_AMENDED_MattsBibEdits_v2.xlsx

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
LCPID SourceID 117

Citation Extension

journalWildlife Society Bulletin 21, no. 4 (1993): 461-463
citationTypeJournal Article

Item Actions

View Item as ...

Save Item as ...

View Item...