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Ungulate-Forest Relationships in Olympic National Park: Retrospective Exclosure Studies

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
1987
End Date
1990

Summary

25 ungulate exclosures were established in Olympic National Park (23) and Olympic National Forest (2)in the 1930s and 1950s. We gleaned information from the early studies and, where possible resampled vegetation within and adjoining exclosures from 1987-1990 to describe effects of ungulates on forest vegetation. Exclosures were established on low elevation (< 350 m) ungulateranges; 21 were located on river valley floors inthe Sitka Spruce or Western Hemlock Forest Zones,2 were on valley walls or other upland sites inthe Western Hemlock and Silver Fir Zones, 2 were in clearcuts. We provide examples where ungulate understory, shrubs, lower tree canopy, and overstory canopy). In communities initially dominated by grasses or grasslike [...]

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fre40099.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

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Purpose

To evaluate the long-term effects of ungulates on the coniferous "rain" forest ecosystem unique to the Olympic Peninsula.

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Communities

  • Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC)

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