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Challenges to sea otter recovery and conservation

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Ballachey, B.E. and J.L. Bodkin. 2015. Challenges to sea otter recovery and conservation, pp. 63-96 IN Larson, S.E., J.L. Bodkin, and G.R. VanBlaricom, eds., Sea Otter Conservation, Academic Press, 468 pp.

Summary

Similar to other species that in recent centuries experienced unregulated human exploitation, sea otters were extirpated throughout large portions of their historic range in the North Pacific. For most of the twentieth century, with cessation of the fur trade and because of concerted efforts at conservation, sea otters recovered much of their historic range and abundance. Late in the twentieth century, increased predation by killer whales in southwest Alaska drove sea otter populations to a few percentage points of their prior abundance, and one of the nation’s largest oil spills in south-central Alaska caused the death of several thousand animals and required more than two decades for recovery. In California, entanglement in fishing [...]

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Harvested on Sat Oct 31 04:16:18 MDT 2015 from MODS XML Service

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