Fatal attacks by American black bear on people: 1900-2009
Herrero, Stephen, Higgins, Andrew, Cardoza, James E., Hajduk, Laura I., and Smith, Tom S., 2011, Fatal attacks by American black bear on people: 1900-2009: The Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 75, no. 3, p. 596-603.
At least 63 people were killed in 59 incidents by non-captive black bear (Ursus americanus) during 1900?2009. Fatal black bear attacks occurred in Canada and Alaska (n?=?49) and in the lower 48 states (n?=?14). There were 3.5 times as many fatal attacks in Canada and Alaska but only 1.75 times as many black bears, and much less human contact for black bears in Canada and Alaska. There was a weak positive correlation (rs?=?0.56, P???0.000) between the estimated size of a bear population within a given jurisdiction and the number of fatal black bear attacks. Some jurisdictions had no fatal black bear attacks but had large estimated black bear populations. Of fatal attacks, 86% (54 of 63, 1.08/yr) occurred between 1960 and 2009. There [...]