Integrating multiple lines of evidence into historical biogeography hypothesis testing: a Bison bison case study
Metcalf, Jessica L., Prost, Stefan, Nogués-Bravo, David, DeChaine, Eric G., Anderson, Christian, Batra, Persaram, Araújo, Miguel B., Cooper, Alan, and Guralnick, Robert P., 2014, Integrating multiple lines of evidence into historical biogeography hypothesis testing: a Bison bison case study: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, v. 281, no. 1777.
One of the grand goals of historical biogeography is to understand how and why species' population sizes and distributions change over time. Multiple types of data drawn from disparate fields, combined into a single modelling framework, are necessary to document changes in a species's demography and distribution, and to determine the drivers responsible for change. Yet truly integrated approaches are challenging and rarely performed. Here, we discuss a modelling framework that integrates spatio-temporal fossil data, ancient DNA, palaeoclimatological reconstructions, bioclimatic envelope modelling and coalescence models in order to statistically test alternative hypotheses of demographic and potential distributional changes for the [...]