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Localized Hotspots Drive Continental Geography of Abnormal Amphibians on U.S. Wildlife Refuges

Dates

Year
2013

Citation

Reeves, Mari K., Medley, Kimberly A., Pinkney, Alfred E., Holyoak, Marcel, Johnson, Pieter T. J., and Lannoo, Michael J., 2013, Localized Hotspots Drive Continental Geography of Abnormal Amphibians on U.S. Wildlife Refuges: PLoS ONE, v. 8, no. 11.

Summary

Amphibians with missing, misshapen, and extra limbs have garnered public and scientific attention for two decades, yet the extent of the phenomenon remains poorly understood. Despite progress in identifying the causes of abnormalities in some regions, a lack of knowledge about their broader spatial distribution and temporal dynamics has hindered efforts to understand their implications for amphibian population declines and environmental quality. To address this data gap, we conducted a nationwide, 10-year assessment of 62,947 amphibians on U.S. National Wildlife Refuges. Analysis of a core dataset of 48,081 individuals revealed that consistent with expected background frequencies, an average of 2% were abnormal, but abnormalities exhibited [...]

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Provenance

Data source
File Processing
File Process
Type
End Note
Reference Item
3397 record import test
Reference File
NWBLCC-20160406.xml

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI http://sciencebase.gov/vocab/identifierScheme 10.1371/journal.pone.0077467

Citation Extension

journalPLoS ONE
parts
typeNotes
value7260
typeVolume
value8
typeNumber
value11
citationTypeJournal Article

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