- Year
- 2000

Sinclair, A. R. E., Krebs, C. J., Fryxell, J. M., Turkington, R., Boutin, S., Boonstra, R., Seccombe-Hett, P., Lundberg, P., and Oksanen, L., 2000, Testing hypotheses of trophic level interactions: a boreal forest ecosystem: Oikos, v. 89, no. 2, p. 313-328.

Models of community organization involve variations of the top-down (predator control) or bottom-up (nutrient limitation) hypotheses. Verbal models, however, can be interpreted in different ways leading to confusion. Therefore, we predict from first principles the range of possible trophic level interactions, and define mathematically the instantaneous effects of experimental perturbations. Some of these interactions are logically and biologically unfeasible. The remaining set of 27 feasible models is based on an initial assumption, for simplicity, of linear interactions between trophic levels. Many more complex and non-linear models are logically feasible but, for parsimony, simple ones are tested first. We use an experiment in the [...]