Geographic variation in migration chronology and winter distribution of midcontinent greater white-fronted geese
Ely, Craig R., Nieman, Daniel J., Alisauskas, Ray T., Schmutz, Joel A., and Hines, James E., 2013, Geographic variation in migration chronology and winter distribution of midcontinent greater white-fronted geese: Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 77, no. 6, p. 1182-1191.
We evaluated spatial and temporal differences in migratory behavior among different breeding groups of midcontinent greater white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons) using band-recovery data and observations of neck collared geese during migration and winter. Birds from different breeding areas were initially delineated by geographic distance into 6 banding reference areas (BRAs): 1) interior Alaska, 2) North Slope of Alaska, 3) western Northwest Territories (NWT), 4) western Nunavut, 5) central Nunavut, and 6) eastern Nunavut. The banding groups also differed by breeding habitat, with geese from interior Alaska nesting in the boreal forest (taiga), and all other groups breeding in tundra habitats. Geese from interior Alaska migrated earlier [...]