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Dates

Year
2010

Citation

Reeves, Mari K., Jensen, Peter, Dolph, Christine L., Holyoak, Marcel, and Trust, Kimberly A., 2010, Multiple stressors and the cause of amphibian abnormalities: Ecological Monographs, v. 80, no. 3, p. 423-440.

Summary

The repeated occurrence of abnormal amphibians in nature points to ecological imbalance, yet identifying causes of these abnormalities has proved complex. Multiple studies have linked amphibian abnormalities to chemically contaminated areas, but inference about causal mechanisms is lacking. Here we use a high incidence of abnormalities in Alaskan wood frogs to strengthen inference about the mechanism for these abnormalities. We suggest that limb abnormalities are caused by a combination of multiple stressors. Specifically, toxicants lead to increased predation, resulting in more injuries to developing limbs and subsequent developmental malformations. We evaluated a variety of putative causes of frog abnormalities at 21 wetlands on [...]

Contacts

Tags

Provenance

Data source
File Processing
File Process
Type
End Note
Reference Item
NWBLCC Test to validate 3364 records in xml format
Reference File
NWBLCC-20160527b.xml

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI http://sciencebase.gov/vocab/identifierScheme 10.1890/09-0879.1; 22 10.1890/09-0879.1
ISSN http://sciencebase.gov/vocab/identifierScheme 0012-9615

Citation Extension

journalEcological Monographs
parts
typeNotes
value10543
typePages
value423-440
typeVolume
value80
typeNumber
value3
citationTypeJournal Article

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