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Fish: Section 4.8 in <i>Climate change and the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Interpreting potential futures. </i>

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Steve P. Rubin, 2013, Fish: Section 4.8 in <i>Climate change and the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Interpreting potential futures. </i>: Office of National Marine Sanctuaries.

Summary

Decreased ocean survival of Chinook and coho salmon in the coastal waters of Washington, Oregon, and California is likely based on historical and present day observations during conditions of unusually high water temperatures and reduced or delayed upwelling. Based on observations during conditions of unusually high water temperatures and reduced or delayed upwelling, highly migratory southern species including Pacific hake, jack and Pacific chub mackerel, and Pacific sardine will likely become more abundant and distributed closer to shore off Washington. In contrast, resident forage fish including northern anchovy, Pacific herring, and smelts (surf and whitebait) may become less abundant. Small pelagic fish (i.e. forage fish and mackerel) [...]

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local-index unknown 70046168
local-pk unknown 70046168

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