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Physics-based numerical circulation model outputs of ocean surface circulation during the 2010-2013 summer coral-spawning seasons in Maui Nui, Hawaii, USA

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
2010-07-25
End Date
2013-08-21

Citation

Storlazzi, C.D., van Ormondt, M., Chen, Y-L., and Elias, E.P.L., 2017, Physics-based numerical circulation model outputs of ocean surface circulation during the 2010-2013 summer coral-spawning seasons in Maui Nui, Hawaii, USA: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F7NK3C59.

Summary

Here we present surface current results from a physics-based, 3-dimensional coupled ocean-atmosphere numerical model that was generated to understand coral larval dispersal patterns in Maui Nui, Hawaii, USA. The model was used to simulate coral larval dispersal patterns from a number of existing State-managed reefs and large tracks of reefs with high coral coverage that might be good candidates for marine-protected areas (MPAs) during 8 spawning events during 2010-2013. The goal of this effort is to provide geophysical data to help provide guidance to sustain coral health in Maui Nui, Hawaii, USA. Each model output run is available as a netCDF file with self-contained attribute information. Each file name is appended with the model-simulation [...]

Contacts

Point of Contact :
Curt Storlazzi
Originator :
Curt Storlazzi, Maarten van Ormondt, Yi-Leng Chen, Edwin Elias
Metadata Contact :
Curt Storlazzi
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
USGS Mission Area :
Natural Hazards
SDC Data Owner :
Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase

Attached Files

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surfvel.mauinui_metadata.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

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29.8 KB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20100725.nc 56.52 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20100824.nc 70.5 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20110714.nc 84.49 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20110813.nc 84.49 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20120801.nc 56.52 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20130703.nc 42.54 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20130722.nc 42.54 MB
Extension: Zip File
surfvel.mauinui.20130821.nc 42.54 MB

Purpose

These model data show not only the relatively short timescales of dispersal between the adjacent high islands in Maui Nui, but also the interconnected nature of the islands that has been identified in genetic studies. These simulations make it possible to investigate not only the general surface dispersal patterns from individual coral reefs in the Maui Nui complex of Hawaii, USA, but also how anomalous conditions during individual spawning events can result in large deviations from those general patterns. These data also help identify those reefs that are dominated by self-seeding and those where little self-seeding occurs to determine their relative susceptibility to stressors and potential roadblocks to recovery. These results provide some of the fundamental, sound scientific information that is generally lacking but needed to help guide the design of mutually supporting MPAs to protect and preserve coral reefs.

Additional Information

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Type Scheme Key
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