Skip to main content
USGS - science for a changing world

Targeted-Organic-Chemical Analysis Concentration Data for Surface-Water Samples Collected from 38 Stream Sites across the USA during 2012-2014

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
2012
End Date
2014

Citation

Bradley, P.M., Journey, C.A., Romanok, K.M., and Reilly, T.J., 2017, Targeted-Organic-Chemical Analysis Concentration Data for Surface-Water Samples Collected from 38 Stream Sites across the USA during 2012-2014: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F70863G5.

Summary

Surface-water organic contaminant concentration data for targeted chemical analysis of over 800 organic analytes in surface water from 38 stream site representing national gradients in urban and agricultural land use in the USA during 2012-14. This data release is associated with the following journal article: Bradley, P.M., C.A. Journey, K.M. Romanok, L.B. Barber, H.T. Buxton, W.T. Foreman, E.T. Furlong, M.L. Hladik, S.T. Glassmeyer, L.R. Iwanowicz, D.K. Jones, K.W. Kolpin, K.M. Kuivila, K.A. Loftin, M.A. Mills, M.T. Meyer, J.L. Orlando, T.J. Reilly, K.L. Smalling, and D.L. Villeneuve. 2017. Expanded Target-Chemical Analysis Reveals Extensive Mixed-Organic-Contaminant Exposure in USA Streams. Environmental Science & Technology. [...]

Contacts

Point of Contact :
Paul M. Bradley
Originator :
Paul M. Bradley, Celeste A. Journey, Kristin M. Romanok, Timothy J. Reilly
Metadata Contact :
Paul M. Bradley
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
Distributor :
ScienceBase
USGS Mission Area :
Environmental Health
SDC Data Owner :
South Atlantic Water Science Center

Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

TABLE S1. SITE INFORMATION.csv 3.49 KB
TABLE S2. BLANKS.csv 1.04 KB
TABLE S3. DETECTED ORGANICS CONCENTRATIONS.csv 63.39 KB
TABLE S4.ORGANICS SPEARMAN.csv 6.38 KB
TABLE S5. GIS DATA DICTIONARY.csv 8.89 KB
TABLE S6. SITE GIS.csv 17.58 KB
TABLE S7. ORGANICS-GIS SPEARMAN.csv 16.01 KB
Chicago Riv. Sanitary and Ship Canal.jpg thumbnail 1,009.34 KB
METADATA.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

View
29.55 KB

Purpose

Surface-water from 38 streams nation-wide was assessed using 14 target-organic methods (719 compounds). Designed bioactive anthropogenic contaminants (biocides, pharmaceuticals) comprised 57% of 408 organics detected at least once. The 10 most-frequently detected anthropogenic-organics included 8 pesticides (desulfinylfipronil, AMPA, chlorpyrifos, dieldrin, metolachlor, atrazine, CIAT, glyphosate) and 2 pharmaceuticals (caffeine, metformin) with detection frequencies ranging 66-84% of all sites. Detected contaminant concentrations varied from less than 1 ng L-1 to greater than 10 µg L-1, with 77 and 278 having median detected concentrations greater than 100 ng L-1 and 10 ng L-1, respectively. Cumulative detections and concentrations ranged 4-162 compounds (median 70) and 8.5-102,847 ng L-1, respectively, and correlated significantly with wastewater discharge, watershed development, and Toxic Release Inventory metrics. Log10 concentrations of widely-monitored HHCB, triclosan, and carbamazepine explained 71%-82% of the variability in the total number of compounds detected (linear regression; p-values: <0.001-0.012), providing a statistical inference tool for unmonitored contaminants. Due to multiple modes of action, high bioactivity, biorecalcitrance, and direct environment application (pesticides), designed-bioactive organics (median 41 per site at µg L-1 cumulative concentrations) in developed watersheds are aquatic health concerns, given their acknowledged potential for sub-lethal effects to sensitive species and lifecycle stages at low ng L-1.

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI https://www.sciencebase.gov/vocab/category/item/identifier doi:10.5066/F70863G5

Item Actions

View Item as ...

Save Item as ...

View Item...