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Satellite-based Water Use Dynamics Using Historical Landsat Data (1984-2014) in the Southwestern United States


Publication Date


Senay, G.B., Schauer, Matthew, Friedrichs, MacKenzie, Velpuri, N.M., and Singh, R.K., 2017, Satellite-based Water Use Dynamics Using Historical Landsat Data (1984-2014) in the Southwestern United States: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


Historical (1984-2014) Landsat-based ET maps were generated for Palo Verde Irrigation District (PVID) and eight other sub-basins in parts of Middle and Lower Central Valley, California. A total of 3,396 Landsat images were processed using the Operational Simplified Surface Energy balance (SSEBop) model that integrates weather and remotely sensed images to estimate monthly and annual ET within the study areas over the 31 years. Model output evaluation and validation using gridded-flux data and water balance ET approaches indicated relatively strong association between SSEBop ET and validation datasets. Historical trend analysis of seven agro-hydrologic variables were done using the Seasonal Mann-Kendall test.


Attached Files

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“Study area details”
8.76 KB
“Seasonality of c factor”
18.42 KB
“Comparison of monthly ET”
16.1 KB
“Comparison of annual ET”
4.34 KB
“Median annual ET estimates of PVID”
67.95 MB
“Annual comparison of all the parameters”
6.31 KB
“Seasonality of all the parameters”
5.25 KB
“Time-series estimates in PVID water use”
4.31 KB

“Median annual ET estimates for the Middle and Lower Central Valley”
2.51 GB
Original FGDC Metadata

5.71 KB

Material Request Instructions

Seasonal and temporal evapotranspiration was computed using the Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model.


This study has many applications in planning water resource allocation, managing water rights, sustaining agricultural production, and quantifying impacts of climate and land use/land cover changes on water resources.


United States Federal Government


  • USGS Data Release Products



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Additional Information


Type Scheme Key
DOI doi:10.5066/F7DF6PDR

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