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Groundwater levels, soil moisture, precipitation, and slope movement in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, 2015-2016

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
2015-06-10
End Date
2016-07-31

Citation

Fiore, A.R., Ashland, F.X., and Reilly, P.A., 2017, Groundwater levels, soil moisture, precipitation, and slope movement in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, 2015-2016: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/F7959FQB.

Summary

Seasonal variations in vegetation, rainfall, and soil moisture conditions have the potential to impact the slope stability of locally forested coastal bluffs in the Atlantic Highlands of New Jersey. Both the seasonality and rainfall amounts of the two types of storms that induce shallow landslides in the area vary considerably. Most of the documented historical landslides are the result of heavy rainfall caused by late summer-fall tropical cyclones. The majority of the remaining documented landslides are related to spring nor’easters and total storm rainfall amounts for these storms are generally lower than the rainfall amounts for the tropical cyclones. In order to assess how conditions that may affect the potential for shallow landslide [...]

Contacts

Point of Contact :
Francis X. Ashland
Originator :
Alex R. Fiore, Francis X. Ashland, Pamela A. Reilly
Metadata Contact :
Francis X. Ashland
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
USGS Mission Area :
Water Resources
SDC Data Owner :
New Jersey Water Science Center

Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

BATTERY_VOLTAGE_DATA_073116.xlsx 1.06 MB
MMSO_BP_DATA_073116.xlsx 1.13 MB
MMSO_CANOPY_RAINFALL_DATA_073116.xlsx 472.35 KB
MMSO_PWP_DATA_073116.xlsx 1.64 MB
MMSO_RAINFALL_DATA_073116.xlsx 564.28 KB
MMSO_VWC_DATA_073116.xlsx 306.67 KB
OBB_CET_DATA_073116.xlsx 525.68 KB
OBB_PWP_DATA_073116.xlsx 1.42 MB
Groundwater levels, soil moisture, precipitation, and slope movement in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, 2015-2016.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

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29.24 KB
Ashland et al. 2017_For Distribution.pdf 1.42 MB

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to monitor seasonal variation in groundwater levels and shallow soil moisture, rainfall, hydrologic storm response, and slope movement in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey. The hydrologic monitoring data provide insights into the role of antecedent soil moisture conditions on hydrologic storm response and seasonal variations in slope stability in the coastal bluffs. Data on effective rainfall beneath the deciduous forest canopy provide information on seasonal variation in canopy interception and the relationship between total storm rainfall and canopy interception. Current monitoring of the movement of a historical landslide that reactivated in 2012 may provide critical information on the instability of landslide deposits on the bluff and the relative level of hazard that these deposits pose as compared to the surrounding slope colluvium. The results of the monitoring, combined with recently developed provisional empirical rainfall thresholds for seasonal storms, may improve our capability of anticipating future landslide occurrence.

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI https://www.sciencebase.gov/vocab/category/item/identifier doi:10.5066/F7959FQB

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