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Sand lance as cornerstone prey for predator populations

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Mary F. Willson, Robert H. Armstrong, Martin D. Robards, and John F. Piatt, 1999, Sand lance as cornerstone prey for predator populations: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.

Summary

Sand lance (Ammodytes) constitute a major prey for at least some populations of over 100 species of consumer, including 40 species of birds, 12 species of marine mammals, 45 species of fishes, and some invertebrates. Variation in the availability of sand lance (and other forage fishes) can have major effects on the breeding success and survival of their predators. Commercial fishing and other pressures on sand lance populations potentially have ramifying effects on many species of wildlife.

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 70187539
local-pk unknown 70187539

Citation Extension

parts
typePublication Place
valuePortland, OR
languageEnglish
citationTypeBook chapter

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