Skip to main content

Gas and heat emission measurements in Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park (May-October 2016)


Publication Date
Start Date
End Date


Lewicki, J.L., Kelly, P.J., Bergfeld,Deborah, Vaughan, R.G., and Lowenstern, J.B., 2017, Gas and heat emission measurements in Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park (May-October 2016): U.S. Geological Survey data release,


From 14 May to 6 October 2016 measurements of gas and heat emissions were made at Bison Flat, an acid-sulfate, vapor-dominated area (0.04-km2) of Norris Geyser Basin, Yellowstone National Park, WY. An eddy covariance system measured half-hourly CO2, H2O and sensible and latent heat fluxes, air temperature and pressure, wind speed and direction, soil moisture and rainfall. A Multi-GAS instrument measured (1 Hz frequency) atmospheric H2O, CO2 and H2S volumetric mixing ratios, air pressure, temperature and relative humidity and wind speed and direction. Soil CO2 fluxes and temperature profiles were also measured on a grid using the accumulation chamber method and thermocouple probes, respectively. These data were used to derive hydrothermal [...]


Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

Soil CO2 flux data.csv
“Soil CO2 flux data”
5.24 KB text/csv
Soil temperature data.csv
“Soil temperature data”
4.12 KB text/csv
Multi-GAS data.csv
“Multi-GAS data”
63.31 MB text/csv
Eddy covariance data.csv
“Eddy covariance data”
543.94 KB text/csv


The eddy covariance, Multi-GAS and soil CO2 flux and temperature data sets were collected to derive hydrothermal CO2 and heat emission rates for the study area and characterize gas sources and their relationships to meteorological variations. Baseline temporal variations recorded in gas and heat emissions can be used to assess future changes in the context of volcanic unrest. See the associated publication in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research for more information.



  • USGS Data Release Products



Additional Information


Type Scheme Key
DOI doi:10.5066/F70P0Z03

Item Actions

View Item as ...

Save Item as ...

View Item...