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Data release for ecosystem service flows from a migratory species: spatial subsidies of the northern pintail


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Bagstad, K.J., Semmens, D.J., Diffendorfer, J.E., Mattsson, B.J., Dubovsky, J., Thogmartin, W.E., Wiederholt, R., Loomis, J., Bieri, J.A., Sample, C., Goldstein, J., López-Hoffman, L., and Ancona, Z., 2018, Data release for ecosystem service flows from a migratory species: spatial subsidies of the northern pintail: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


Migratory species provide important benefits to society, but their cross-border conservation poses serious challenges. By quantifying the economic value of ecosystem services (ES) provided across a species’ range and ecological data on a species’ habitat dependence, we estimate spatial subsidies–how different regions support ES provided by a species across its range. We illustrate this method for migratory Northern Pintail ducks in North America. Pintails support over $101 million annually in recreational hunting and viewing and subsistence hunting in the U.S. and Canada. Pintail breeding regions provide nearly $30 million in subsidies to wintering regions, with the “Prairie Pothole” region supplying over $24 million in annual benefits [...]


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In this paper, we demonstrate the spatial subsidies approach for the northern pintail duck in North America. To operationalize the approach, we combine ecological and economic data on pintail habitat dependence and ES provision for five regions across their migratory range, and use this information to calculate ES flows between regions. We discuss the potential of this approach to inform conservation payments for North American waterfowl, along with future research avenues to refine our estimates. The data release serves the purpose of providing the datasets and information to conduct or replicate a similar analysis.

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DOI doi:10.5066/F7Q23ZFC

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