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Diet and morphology of extant and recently extinct northern bears

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David J. Mattson, 1998, Diet and morphology of extant and recently extinct northern bears: Ursus, v. 10.

Summary

I examined the relationship of diets to skull morphology of extant northern bears and used this information to speculate on diets of the recently extinct cave (Ursus spelaeus) and short-faced (Arctodus simus) bears. Analyses relied upon published skull measurements and food habits of Asiatic (U. thibetanus) and American (U. americanus) black bears, polar bears (U. maritimus), various subspecies of brown bears (U. arctos), and the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Principal components analysis showed major trends in skull morphology related to size, crushing force, and snout shape. Giant pandas, short-faced bears, cave bears, and polar bears exhibited extreme features along these gradients. Diets of brown bears in colder, often [...]

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Type Scheme Key
local-index unknown 70194235
local-pk unknown 70194235
series unknown Ursus

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citationTypeArticle
journalUrsus
languageEnglish
parts
typevolume
value10

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