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Data release for Wetlands inform how climate extremes influence surface water expansion and contraction


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Vanderhoof, M.K., Lane, C.R., McManus, M.G., Alexander, L.C., and Christensen, J.R., 2018, Data release for Wetlands inform how climate extremes influence surface water expansion and contraction: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


Effective monitoring and prediction of flood and drought events requires an improved understanding of how and why surface-water expansion and contraction in response to climate varies across space. This paper sought to (1) quantify how interannual patterns of surface-water expansion and contraction vary spatially across the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) and adjacent Northern Prairie (NP) in the United States, and (2) explore how landscape characteristics influence the relationship between climate inputs and surface-water dynamics. Due to differences in glacial history, the PPR and NP show distinct patterns in regards to drainage development and wetland density, together providing a diversity of conditions to examine surface-water dynamics. [...]


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The purpose of the analysis was to explore how the expansion and contraction of surface water, in response to climate extremes, varied spatially, and how landscape characteristics may explain the spatial variability in surface water dynamics. The Landsat surface water extent provided the representation of surface water extent for a given area and point in time.

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DOI doi:10.5066/F7GX49VQ

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