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Snow Depth and Snow Water Equivalents at Sleepers River Research Watershed, Danville, Vermont


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Chalmers, A.T., Shanley, J.B., Denner, J.C., and Clark, S.F., 2019, Snow Depth and Snow Water Equivalents at Sleepers River Research Watershed, Danville, Vermont: U. S. Geological Survey data release,


Snow depth and snow water equivalent (SWE) measurements have been made at Sleepers River Research Watershed starting in 1960. Initial snowpack measurements were made by the Agricultural Research Service joined by the National Weather Service in 1966. Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory started measuring the snowpack in 1979, followed by the U.S. Geological Survey from 1993 to the present. Measurements started at 2 sites, increased to 13 sites in the 1980s and currently includes 9 sites. Sites range in elevation from 200 to 670 meters and are in a mix of fields and small openings in forests. Snow measurements are made with a fiberglass Adirondack snow tube with aluminum teeth at the tip, tapered slightly inward to retain [...]


Attached Files

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Snowcourse description.csv 1.71 KB
Sleepers snow 1960-2019 datarelease.csv 925.85 KB
Sleepers snow metadata.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

14.38 KB


A long-term record of snow depth and snow water equivalent is being collected to evaluate trends in the snowpack. Of particular interest are the effects of changing climate on snowpack amounts and duration. The snowpack acts as a natural storage of water; changes in snowpack have wide ranging impacts including, changes in streamflow, groundwater levels, soil moisture, and solar radiation (snow-albedo feedback).



  • USGS Data Release Products



Additional Information


Type Scheme Key
DOI doi:10.5066/P9NMQX70

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