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Historical and 21st century soil temperature and moisture data for drylands of western U.S. and Canada

Data for journal manuscript: Climate-driven shifts in soil temperature and moisture regimes suggest opportunities to enhance assessments of dryland resilience and resistance

Dates

Publication Date
Time Period
2019

Citation

Bradford, J.B. and Schlaepfer, D.R., 2019, Historical and 21st century soil temperature and moisture data for drylands of western U.S. and Cananda: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9PJFE82.

Summary

These data represent simulated soil temperature and moisture conditions for current climate, and for future climate represented by all available climate models at two time periods during the 21st century. These data were used to: 1) quantify the direction and magnitude of expected changes in several measures of soil temperature and soil moisture, including the key variables used to distinguish the regimes used in the R and R categories; 2) assess how these changes will impact the geographic distribution of soil temperature and moisture regimes; and 3) explore the implications for using R and R categories for estimating future ecosystem resilience and resistance.

Contacts

Point of Contact :
John B Bradford
Originator :
John B Bradford, Daniel R. Schlaepfer
Metadata Contact :
John B Bradford
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase
SDC Data Owner :
Southwest Biological Science Center
USGS Mission Area :
Ecosystems

Attached Files

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SoilTM_Metadata.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

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38.61 KB
Data_Metadata.zip 112.8 MB

Purpose

Assessing landscape patterns in climate vulnerability, as well as resilience and resistance to drought, disturbance, and invasive species, requires appropriate metrics of relevant environmental conditions. In dryland systems of western North America, soil temperature and moisture regimes have been widely utilized to represent resilience to disturbance and resistance to invasive plant species by providing integrative indicators of long-term site aridity, which relates to ecosystem recovery potential and climatic suitability to invaders. However, the impact of climate change on these regimes, and the suitability of the methods for estimating resistance and resilience in the context of climate change, have not been assessed. Here we utilized a daily time-step, process-based, ecosystem water balance model to characterize current and future patterns in soil temperature and moisture conditions in dryland areas of western North America, and evaluate the impact of these changes on estimation of resistance and resilience.

Rights

The author(s) of these data request that data users contact them regarding intended use and to assist with understanding limitations and interpretation. Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data for other purposes, nor on all computer systems, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty.

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI https://www.sciencebase.gov/vocab/category/item/identifier doi:10.5066/P9PJFE82

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