Skip to main content
USGS - science for a changing world

Environmental covariates at Mule deer locations within the Desert National Wildlife Refuge, Nevada, 2012-2014


Publication Date
Start Date
End Date


Lowrey, C., and Longshore, K.M., 2019, Environmental covariates at Mule deer locations within the Desert National Wildlife Refuge, Nevada, 2012-2014: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


This data describes the environmental covariates that are associated with nineteen Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) locations taken from 2012-2014 within the Desert National Wildlife Refuge of Nevada. These data support the following publication: Lowrey, C., Longshore, K.M., Choate, D.M., Nagol, J.R., Sexton, J. and Thompson, D., 2019. Ecological effects of fear: How spatiotemporal heterogeneity in predation risk influences mule deer access to forage in a sky‐island system. Ecology and Evolution.


Point of Contact :
Chris E Lowrey
Originator :
Chris E Lowrey, Kathleen Longshore
Metadata Contact :
Chris E Lowrey
USGS Mission Area :
SDC Data Owner :
Western Ecological Research Center
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase

Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

Original FGDC Metadata

19.46 KB
Mule Deer Data_Lowrey_5-2019.csv 9.2 MB


These data were collected as part of a study to determine the effects of cougar (Puma concolor) predation risk on Mule deer foraging behavior.


The authors of these data require that data users contact them regarding intended use and to assist with understanding limitations and interpretation. Unless otherwise stated, all data, metadata and related materials are considered to satisfy the quality standards relative to the purpose for which the data were collected. Although these data and associated metadata have been reviewed for accuracy and completeness and approved for release by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), no warranty expressed or implied is made regarding the display or utility of the data on any other system or for general or scientific purposes, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.



  • USGS Data Release Products
  • USGS Western Ecological Research Center



Data source
Input directly

Additional Information


Type Scheme Key
DOI doi:10.5066/P9CC5E8P

Item Actions

View Item as ...

Save Item as ...

View Item...