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Waterborne self-potential logging data for remote detection of groundwater and surface water exchanges: Laboratory experiments and field experiments in the Quashnet River, Massachusetts, October 2017 - September, 2019

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
2017-10-11
End Date
2019-09-30

Citation

Ikard, S.J., Briggs, M.A., Minsley, B.J., and Lane, J.W., 2020, Waterborne self-potential logging data for remote detection of groundwater and surface water exchanges: Laboratory experiments and field experiments in the Quashnet River, Massachusetts, October 2017 - September, 2019: U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9FFPATU.

Summary

This data release contains waterborne self-potential (SP) logging data measured during 48 laboratory experiments and three field experiments that were performed to develop an efficient, accurate method for detecting (in the laboratory) and geolocating (in the field) focused vertical groundwater discharge (surface-water gains) and recharge (surface-water losses) in a river. The experimental procedures and results are described and interpreted in a companion journal article titled "Remote detection of focused groundwater/surface-water exchange in rivers using waterborne self-potential logging: Laboratory and field experiments," and are similar to waterborne SP logging data measured, modeled, and interpreted by Ikard et al. (2017, 2018). [...]

Contacts

Attached Files

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Laboratory_Experiment_Photos.zip 6.01 MB
Video_Preliminary_Experiment_in_Progress.MOV 38.31 MB
Model_Surface_Water_Gain_Loss_Experiments.mph 4.45 MB
PROCESS_LABORATORY_DATA.m 3.17 KB
GET_AGILENT_DATA.m 2.39 KB
STDEVFILTER.m 1.93 KB
Field_Experiments_Location_Map.jpg thumbnail 134.29 KB
Laboratory_Experiments_Data.csv 608.21 KB
Surface_Water_Gain_Experiments_Summary.csv 1.45 KB
Surface_Water_Loss_Experiments_Summary.csv 1.51 KB
Quashnet_River_Downstream_Drift_Experiment_Data.csv 22.07 KB
Quashnet_River_Field_Experiments_Data.csv 584.22 KB
Quashnet_River_Upstream_Drift_Experiment_Data.csv 12.32 KB

Purpose

The purpose of this work was to use non-invasive waterborne self-potential logging measurements to develop an efficient, accurate method for detecting and geolocating focused vertical groundwater and surface-water exchanges in a river. The efficacy of waterborne self-potential logging for this purpose was demonstrated by testing three hypotheses during a series of 48 laboratory experiments and 3 field experiments: (1) under suitable conditions, locations of focused groundwater and surface-water exchange can be detected remotely by floating an electric dipole in the surface-water column above the exchange locations, thereby eliminating the necessity for physical contact between the dipole electrodes and the channel bed sediments and greatly increasing spatial coverage and the efficiency of the method; (2) the groundwater and surface-water exchange flow rates are linearly correlated with the peak amplitudes and rates-of-change of the streaming-potential voltages measured over locations of focused groundwater and surface-water exchange; and (3) the streaming-potential voltages show clear differences in polarity that are related to surface-water gains and surface-water losses.

Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI http://sciencebase.gov/vocab/identifierScheme doi:10.5066/P9FFPATU

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