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Sulfur dioxide emission rates from Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii, 2008-2013


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Elias, T., Kern, C., Sutton, A.J., and Horton, K., 2020, Sulfur dioxide emission rates from Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii, 2008-2013: U.S. Geological Survey data release,


Kīlauea Volcano on the Island of Hawai‘i was in a state of nearly continuous eruption from 1983 – 2018. Large amounts of sulfur dioxide gas (SO2) were released from the volcano’s East Rift Zone (ERZ) during the entire eruptive period, and from the Overlook vent at the summit of the volcano from 2008-2018. This data release presents ground-based estimates of SO2 emission rates from the two gas emission sources for the period 2008-2013. For the two-year period 2008-2010, the summit data have been revised from previously published emission rates (Elias and Sutton, 2012). During this era, very high emissions from the volcano’s newly active lava lake led to opaque plumes and challenges in accurately quantifying SO2 column densities and [...]


Point of Contact :
Tamar Elias
Originator :
Tamar Elias, Christoph Kern, Jeff A. Sutton, Keith Horton
Metadata Contact :
Tamar Elias, Volcano Science Center
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase
SDC Data Owner :
Volcano Science Center
USGS Mission Area :
Natural Hazards

Attached Files

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“Summit SRT-DOAS SO2 road traverse data”
3.93 KB text/csv
“Summit DFW SO2 road traverse data”
4.92 KB text/csv
“Summit SO2 FLYSPEC array 10 second data”
26.6 MB text/csv
“Summit SO2 FLYSPEC array daily average data”
10.83 KB text/csv
“East Rift Zone SO2 road traverse data”
17.36 KB text/csv

“Summit FLYSPEC spectra ”
1.77 GB application/zip

“East Rift Zone FLYSPEC spectra ”
5.95 GB application/zip
“Graphic of SO2 emission rates”
291.38 KB application/pdf


These time series data were obtained in order to quantify the amount of SO2 released from the Kīlauea ERZ and summit eruptions. The SO2 data are used to track the status of the eruptive activity, for input to climate change and plume dispersion models, and as a reference point for volcanic gas hazards impact.

Additional Information


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DOI doi:10.5066/P9K0EZII

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