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Phenology effects in the North American Breeding Bird Survey

Dates

Publication Date
Start Date
1966
End Date
2019

Citation

Sauer, J.R., and Link, W.A., 2022, Phenology effects in the North American Breeding Bird Survey: US Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9812ULJ.

Summary

This data product provides summary information, by species, of changes in relative visibility of birds (phenology effects) through the April - July time period in which the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) is conducted. Data are presented for 408 species of birds. Seasonal phenology effects are presented for selected latitudes and years, documenting changes in visibility and a variety of statistics to allow users to assess the significance of those effects. Results are presented as csv files, stored in zip files by first letter of the species common name and a single zip file containing csv files for 408 species. Links are provided to Child Items containing additional information in species-specific R data sets and graphics [...]

Child Items (2)

Contacts

Point of Contact :
John R Sauer
Originator :
John R Sauer, William A Link
Metadata Contact :
John R Sauer
Publisher :
U.S. Geological Survey
SDC Data Owner :
Eastern Ecological Science Center
USGS Mission Area :
Ecosystems
Distributor :
U.S. Geological Survey - ScienceBase

Attached Files

Click on title to download individual files attached to this item.

BBS_Phenology_Analysis_Metadata_Final.xml
Original FGDC Metadata

View
63.35 KB application/fgdc+xml
All Species.zip
“Results for all 408 species”
25.19 MB application/zip
B.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with B”
3.71 MB application/zip
C.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with C”
3.37 MB application/zip
F-G.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with F-G”
2.07 MB application/zip
U-W.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with U-W”
2.61 MB application/zip
H-K.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with H-K”
1.28 MB application/zip
R.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with R”
1.9 MB application/zip
S.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with S”
1.73 MB application/zip
L.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with L”
1.37 MB application/zip
M-N.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with M-N”
1.94 MB application/zip
O-P.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with O-P”
1.76 MB application/zip
A.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with A”
1.23 MB application/zip
D-E.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with D-E”
1.08 MB application/zip
T.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with T”
524.5 KB application/zip
Y.zip
“Results for species with common names beginning with Y”
665.01 KB application/zip

Purpose

Phenology effects in birds are currently of great scientific interest, as they may reflect the "thumbprint" of climate change. Migrant birds are thought to be arriving earlier on breeding grounds, and it is thought that changes in climate (earlier onset spring and warmer summers) are influencing bird population dynamics through effects on breeding and survival. Documenting whether bird species are changing the timing of breeding activity is essential to increasing our understanding of climate effects on birds, and the BBS is a primary source of information on bird activity during the breeding season. Changes in bird phenology might also be influencing our estimates of bird population change, by decreasing counts due to phenological effects rather than to actual population change. We implemented an innovative new approach for modeling changes in bird activity through the breeding season with BBS data; these changes in bird activity are likely reflecting changes in breeding activity. Models were implemented for 408 species; data files presented here document change for each species for a sample of years and latitudes that provide information that can be used to evaluate temporal and spatial changes in phenology. See the North American Breeding Bird Survey Dataset (https://www.sciencebase.gov/catalog/item/52b1dfa8e4b0d9b325230cd9) for information on the most recent data release from the BBS. The BBS is hosted by the Eastern Ecological Science Center (EESC, https://www.usgs.gov/centers/eesc). Primary results are provided in csv spreadsheet form, and are described in this metadata. The information is also provided alternative summary formats, including rdata files and pdf files with graphical summaries. These results are based on modified versions of methods that have been peer reviewed and exist in the published literature; the most recent reference for the methods is found in Link et al. (Link, W. A., J. R. Sauer, and D. K. Niven. 2020. Model selection for the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Ecological Applications 30(6):e02137. 10.1002/eap.2137). Users also have access to all data collected by the survey, at (http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/). Standard disclaimers for use of information are also provided (http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/disclaim.html).

Map

Spatial Services

ScienceBase WMS

Communities

  • Eastern Ecological Science Center
  • USGS Data Release Products

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Additional Information

Identifiers

Type Scheme Key
DOI https://www.sciencebase.gov/vocab/category/item/identifier doi:10.5066/P9812ULJ

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