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This metadata record describes monthly input and output data covering the period 1900-2015 for a water-balance model described in McCabe and Wolock (2011). The input datasets are precipitation (PPT) and air temperature (TAV) from the PRISM group at Oregon State University. The model outputs include estimated potential evapotranspiration (PET), actual evapotranspiration (AET), runoff (RUN) (streamflow per unit area), soil moisture storage (STO), and snowfall (SNO). The datasets are arranged in tables of monthly total or average values measured in millimeters or degrees C and then multiplied by 100. The data are indexed by the identifier PRISMID, which refers to an ASCII raster of cells in an associated file named...
Abstract (from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015GL067613/full): This empirical study examines the influence of precipitation, temperature, and antecedent soil moisture on upper Colorado River basin (UCRB) water year streamflow over the past century. While cool season precipitation explains most of the variability in annual flows, temperature appears to be highly influential under certain conditions, with the role of antecedent fall soil moisture less clear. In both wet and dry years, when flow is substantially different than expected given precipitation, these factors can modulate the dominant precipitation influence on streamflow. Different combinations of temperature, precipitation, and soil moisture...
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The climate of the North Central U.S. is driven by a combination of factors, including atmospheric circulation patterns, the region’s complex topography which extends from the High Rockies to the Great Plains, and variations in hydrology. Together, these factors determine the sustainability of the region’s ecosystems and the services that they provide communities. In order to understand the vulnerability of the region’s ecosystems to change, it is necessary to have reliable projections of future climate conditions. To address this need, researchers first examined past and present variations in climate and assessed the ability of climate models to effectively project future climate conditions for the region. Second,...
Climate displays an often-unrecognized order in both time and space. What may appear as a random sequence of precipitation at a point or within a watershed is actually the local expression of a broad integrated system of weather processes that are active on scales of 100’s to 1000’s of kilometers. Only when climate forcings and hydrologic responses are considered from a regional perspective does the order become evident. Understanding these regional processes provides a sound basis for national, regional, and local hydrologic analysis, resource management, and hazard assessment/mitigation. The objectives of this research are (1) to identify and quantify relations between large-scale atmospheric circulation and sea-surface...
Abstract (from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022169414010087): Monthly calibrated values of the Hamon PET coefficient ( C) are determined for 109,951 hydrologic response units (HRUs) across the conterminous United States (U.S.). The calibrated coefficient values are determined by matching calculated mean monthly Hamon PET to mean monthly free-water surface evaporation. For most locations and months the calibrated coefficients are larger than the standard value reported by Hamon. The largest changes in the coefficients were for the late winter/early spring and fall months, whereas the smallest changes were for the summer months. Comparisons of PET computed using the standard value of C and computed...
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This dataset includes four tables related to annual trends in streamflow metrics at 599 reference streamgages in the conterminous United States for the period 1955-2014. Reference streamgages are defined here as gages with drainage basins that are minimally impacted by anthropogenic effects such as reservoirs or urbanization. The four tables are: 1) computed annual values for 16 streamflow metrics, 2) trend estimates for the 16 streamflow metrics for the period 1955-2014, 3) metric names and definitions, and 4) location information (latitude and longitude) for the 599 sites. The computed annual values for the 16 streamflow metrics are: low flow magnitude, low flow frequency, low flow duration, high flow magnitude,...
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This dataset contains annual peak and seasonal maximum streamflow data from the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) and the results of an analysis of spatial and temporal patterns for those data for the conterminous U.S. An interpretation of the analysis of these data will be published in a journal article. The streamflow data were compiled for the years 1966 to 2015 for 415 streamgages that are part of the USGS HCDN-2009 network. The HCDN-2009 network contains streamgages in watersheds with minimal anthropogenic change. The dataset contains the annual peak and the maximum daily streamflow for the months of October through December (OND), January through March (JFM), April through June (AMJ), and July...
Abstract (from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405880717300924): Water managers are increasingly interested in better understanding and planning for projected resource impacts from climate change. In this management-guided study, we use a very large suite of synthetic climate scenarios in a statistical modeling framework to simultaneously evaluate how (1) average temperature and precipitation changes, (2) initial basin conditions, and (3) temporal characteristics of the input climate data influence water-year flow in the Upper Colorado River. The results here suggest that existing studies may underestimate the degree of uncertainty in future streamflow, particularly under moderate temperature...
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This dataset contains annual flow metrics quantifying drought and low streamflows for USGS GAGES-2 gages in the contiguous U.S. satisfying data completeness checks for the periods 1921-2020, 1951-2020, and 1981-2020. The dataset also contains annual climate variables from the USGS Monthly Water Balance Model (MWBM). The dataset provides trend analysis outputs for annual drought and low flow metrics for the periods 1921-2020, 1951-2020, and 1981-2020. Finally, we include six R language code files that were used to create the values included in this release as summarized in the process step section.
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This data release identifies 555 Hydro-Climatic Data Network (HCDN) streamgages in the conterminous United States during the period 1981-2019 which were grouped according to similarity in their temporal patterns of monthly streamflow.
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Glaciers are a central component to the hydrology of many areas in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Glacier melt plays a crucial role in the movement of nutrients through a landscape and into the ocean, and the flow of water into streams that sustain many species. As air temperatures rise, increased rates of glacier melt may have significant impacts to the hydrology and ecology in these areas. This project aims to broaden our understanding of the role of glaciers in the hydrology of Alaska and Washington state and incorporate this knowledge into two types of models that simulate past and future scenarios of water flow. The project team aims to develop a public web portal to allow users to explore content, access...
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This NetCDF represents the monthly inputs and outputs from a United States Geological Survey water-balance model (McCabe and Wolock, 2011) for the conterminous United States for the period 1895-01-01 to 2020-12-31. The source data used to run the water balance model is based on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's(NOAA, 2020) ClimGrid data for precipitation and temperature. This NetCDF contains the following monthly inputs: temperature (degrees Celsius) and precipitation (millimeters, mm) and the following outputs (all in mm): runoff, soil moisture storage, actual evapotranspiration, potential evapotranspiration, snow water equivalent, and snowfall. The spatial reference for this data set is ESPG...


    map background search result map search result map Understanding Extreme Climate Events in the North Central U.S. Understanding the Impacts of Glaciers on Streamflow in Alaska and Washington Water Balance Model Inputs and Outputs for the Conterminous United States, 1900-2015 Trends in selected streamflow metrics at reference streamgages in the conterminous United States, 1955-2014 Spatial and temporal variability of peaks and seasonal maximum flows in the conterminous U.S. from cluster analysis of standardized streamflow obtained from the USGS National Water Information System U.S. Streamflow Drought During the Last Century: annual drought and low flow metrics, annual climate, and trends for the periods 1921-, 1951- and 1981-2020 Clusters of monthly streamflow values with similar temporal patterns at 555 HCDN (Hydro-Climatic Data Network) sites for the period 1981 to 2019 USGS monthly water balance model inputs and outputs for the conterminous United States, 1895-2020, based on ClimGrid data Understanding Extreme Climate Events in the North Central U.S. Spatial and temporal variability of peaks and seasonal maximum flows in the conterminous U.S. from cluster analysis of standardized streamflow obtained from the USGS National Water Information System U.S. Streamflow Drought During the Last Century: annual drought and low flow metrics, annual climate, and trends for the periods 1921-, 1951- and 1981-2020 Water Balance Model Inputs and Outputs for the Conterminous United States, 1900-2015 Understanding the Impacts of Glaciers on Streamflow in Alaska and Washington Clusters of monthly streamflow values with similar temporal patterns at 555 HCDN (Hydro-Climatic Data Network) sites for the period 1981 to 2019 USGS monthly water balance model inputs and outputs for the conterminous United States, 1895-2020, based on ClimGrid data Trends in selected streamflow metrics at reference streamgages in the conterminous United States, 1955-2014