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This two-page document is a summary of the USFWS decision support framework effort as of August 2023. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) decision support framework for conservation introductions (framework) aims to foster inclusive, transparent and defensible decision making about when to use conservation introductions as a strategy for preventing species extirpation or extinction, re-establishing an ecological function lost through extinction, or directing ecosystem change toward a state that better supports conservation goals. The framework is being developed for use by the USFWS in Hawaiʻi, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Federated States...
Around the globe, fish and wildlife managers are facing increasingly complex management issues because of multiscale ecological effects like climate change, species invasion, and land-use change. Managers seeking to prevent extinctions or preserve ecosystems are increasingly considering more interventionist techniques to overcome the resulting changes. Among those techniques, translocation methods that intentionally move species into new, less impacted habitats are being considered. These types of translocations are known by a range of terms, including “managed relocation” and “assisted migration,” but the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Species Survival Commission (IUCN SSC, 2013) has proposed...
As climate change continues to alter species’ habitats and the natural processes on which they depend, our ability to use historical and current conditions as guides for species conservation and habitat restoration is diminishing. The USFWS and its partners are making increasingly challenging conservation decisions to preserve biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. Conservation introduction, defined as the intentional movement and release or outplanting of a species outside its indigenous range for the purpose of conservation, is one approach that can be used to respond to conservation emergencies such as imminent extinction, and to facilitate adaptation to climate change as species assemble into new biotic communities...
On April 16-17, 2022, 41 people participated in an online workshop sponsored by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to gather information to inform a conservation introduction (CI) decision framework. The geographic scope of this workshop was the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Oregon, and Washington).CIs are translocations of populations or species outside their known historical distributions for conservation purposes. Most frequently this action is considered when an endangered species is viewed as unable to recover within its known historical range (managed relocation) but may also involve moving species to new locations to replace ecological functions (ecological replacement) (IUCN 2013). Further, given that suitable...
The Pacific Islands Landscape Conservation Cooperative (PILCC), better known as the Pacific Islands Climate Change Cooperative, is one of 22 LCCs established by Secretarial Order No. 3289, which focus on on-the-ground strategic conservation efforts at the landscape level. LCCs are management-science partnerships that inform integrated resource-management actions addressing climate change and other stressors within and across landscapes.
Non-native, invasive species pose significant threats to ecosystem services, food and water security, livelihoods, and sustainability, especially in island environments and communities. The impacts of climate change can exacerbate these risks and vulnerabilities. The Regional Invasive Species and Climate Change (RISCC) management network was established to support natural resource managers and researchers in the United States by providing information and tools about these twin threats. This chapter considers the state of knowledge about invasive species and climate change in the context of the State of Hawaiʻi and the US-Affiliated Pacific Islands (which include the US Territories of Guam and American Sāmoa, the...
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The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) decision support framework for conservation introductions (framework) aims to foster inclusive, transparent, and defensible decision making about when to use conservation introductions as a strategy for preventing species extirpation or extinction, re-establishing an ecological function lost through extinction, or directing ecosystem change toward a state that better supports conservation goals. The framework is being developed for use by the USFWS in Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of Palau and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. A wide range of partners...
On May 1, 2023, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service released a draft version of the USFWS Decision Support Framework for Conservation Introductions in the Pacific Region. As a step in reviewing this draft, the 46 federally recognized Native American Tribes in the Pacific Region were invited to attend a stand-alone session led by USFWS (not under this contract). Additionally, 125 agency, university and NGO members in the Pacific Northwest (Idaho, Oregon, Washington) and over 250 individuals from the Pacific Island state (Hawaiʻi), territories (American Samoa, Guam, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands) and Freely Associated States (Republic of the Marshall Islands, Palau, Federated States of Micronesia) were...
Fragmentation of climate change management authorities, as well as overlapping mandates between agencies, is common. This poses a particular challenge when it comes to preparing for climate change. Increasing the integration of adaptation strategies across departments will help climate change preparation work as it goes forward. Key opportunities for engagement on climate change preparations in U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands are recommended below according to sector. For each opportunity, important government offices for engagement are provided in Chapter 8. Zoning and Land-Use Management Forest and Watershed Management Coral Reef and Marine Systems Management Outreach and Education Renewable Energy and Energy...
From 2020-2021, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) partnered with U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to design a qualitative research study that would describe the perceptions of USFWS personnel in the Pacific Region across many aspects of conservation introductions so that the USFWS could use this information in the planning and development of an internal decision-support framework for conservation introductions in the Pacific Region. The resulting report found that, overall, USFWS employees feel that conservation introductions is a necessary tool that will be indispensable in certain situations, but also feel that there is more risk associated with this conservation management approach than more traditional...
On May 3-4, 20221, 107 people participated in an online workshop sponsored by the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to discuss important considerations the FWS should take into account when making decisions on conservation introductions (CI). The geographic scope of the workshop included Hawaiʻi, American Sāmoa, Guam, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Republic of Palau, and the Republic of the Marshall Islands.CI are translocations of populations or species outside their known historical distributions for conservation purposes. Most frequently this action is considered when an endangered species is viewed as unable to recover within its known historical range (assisted...