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Grasslands comprise a small part of the Chihuahuan Desert but are vital to the biological diversity of the ecoregion. Characteristic grasses of the Chihuahuan Desert are tobosa (Pleuraphis mutica) and black grama (Bouteloua eriopoda) but other common species include alakali sacaton (Sporobolus airoides), big alkali sacaton (S. wrightii), mesa dropseed (S. flexuosus), blue grama (B. gracilis), sideoats grama (B. curtipendula ), hairy grama (B. hirsuta), slender grama (B. filiformis), chino grama (B. brevista), spruce top grama (B. chondrosioides), bush muhly (Muhlenbergia porteri), several three awns (Aristida spp.), and fluff grass (Dasyochloa pulchela) (Johnson 1974, Dinerstein et al. 2000). Many of the sites discussed...
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This file represents the final version of an assessment of the extent, condition, and distribution of grassland types in Arizona as indicated by expert interviews and field verification. Coverage includes the state of Arizona, Southwestern portions of the state of New Mexico, and the Northern portion of Sonora, Mexico.
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The Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan (DRECP), a major component of California's renewable energy planning efforts, will help provide effective protection and conservation of desert ecosystems while allowing for the appropriate development of renewable energy projects. The DRECP is focused on the desert regions and adjacent lands of seven California counties - Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego. It is being prepared through an unprecedented collaborative effort between the California Energy Commission, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service also known as the Renewable Energy Action Team....
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Natural landscapes in the Southwestern United States are changing. In recent decades, rising temperatures and drought have led to drier conditions, contributed to large-scale ecological impacts, and affected many plant and animal species across the region. The current and future trajectory of climate change underscores the need for managers and conservation professionals to understand the impacts of these patterns on natural resources. In this regional assessment of the Southwest Climate Change Initiative, we evaluate changes in annual average temperatures from 1951–2006 across major habitats and large watersheds and compare these changes to the number of species of conservation concern that are found within these...
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Vegetation and land-cover changes are not always directional but follow complex trajectories over space and time, driven by changing anthropogenic and abiotic conditions. We present a multi-observational approach to land-change analysis that addresses the complex geographic and temporal variability of vegetation changes related to climate and land use. Using land-ownership data as a proxy for land-use practices, multitemporal land-cover maps, and repeat photography dating to the late 19th century, we examine changing spatial and temporal distributions of two vegetation types with high conservation value in the southwestern United States: grasslands and riparian vegetation. In contrast to many reported vegetation...
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The Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of the north-central U.S. and south-central Canada contains millions of small prairie wetlands that provide critical habitat to many migrating and breeding waterbirds. Due to their small size and the relatively dry climate of the region, these wetlands are considered at high risk for negative climate change effects as temperatures increase. To estimate the potential impacts of climate change on breeding waterbirds, we predicted current and future distributions of species common in the PPR using species distribution models (SDMs). We created regional-scale SDMs for the U.S. PPR using Breeding Bird Survey occurrence records for 1971–2011 and wetland, upland, and climate variables....
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The Williston Basin, located in the NorthernGreat Plains, is experiencing rapid energy developmentwith North Dakota and Montana being the epicenter ofcurrent and projected development in the USA. Theaverage single-bore well pad is 5 acres with an estimated58,485 wells in North Dakota alone. This landscapeleveldisturbance may provide a pathway for the establishmentof non-native plants. To evaluate potentialinfluences of energy development on the presence andabundance of non-native species, vegetation surveyswere conducted at 30 oil well sites (14 ten-year-oldand 16 five-year-old wells) and 14 control sites in nativeprairie environments across the Williston Basin. Nonnativespecies richness and cover were recorded...
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Full life-cycle vulnerability assessments are identifying the effects of climate change on nongame migratory birds that are of conservation concern and breed in the upper Midwest and Great Lakes region. Full life-cycle analyses are critical, as current efforts likely underestimate the vulnerability of migratory land birds due to a focus on assessing only one component of the annual cycle. The approach provides a framework for integrating exposure to climate changes, sensitivity to these changes, and the potential for adaptation in both winter and summer seasons, and accounts for carry-over effects from one season to another. The results of this work will inform regional management by highlighting both local and...
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Within the time frame of the longevity of tree species, climate change will change faster than the ability of natural tree migration. Migration lags may result in reduced productivity and reduced diversity in forests under current management and climate change. We evaluated the efficacy of planting climate-suitable tree species (CSP), those tree species with current or historic distributions immediately south of a focal landscape, to maintain or increase aboveground biomass, productivity, and species and functional diversity. We modeled forest change with the LANDIS-II forest simulation model for 100 years (2000–2100) at a 2-ha cell resolution and five-year time steps within two landscapes in the Great Lakes region...
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One of the greatest challenges facing the Wyoming Game and Fish Department (WGFD) in the 21st century will be our ability to maintain sustainable fish and wildlife populations and meet the expectations and desire of our citizens. We approach habitat conservation and management on a landscape/watershed scale based on the needs of all fish and wildlife and citizens who either enjoy and/or depend on wildlife, and the land and water resources of the State. This requires a great deal of teamwork and a broader view of our responsibilities. Addressing habitat needs and issues that seek to maintain open spaces, non-fragmented, quality habitats and the ability of fish and wildlife to utilize these areas provides an opportunity...
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Weed shiners are listed as endangered in Iowa. In the spring of 1990, one weed shiner (Notropis texanus) was collected from the Crooked Slough Complex, Pool 13 (river mile 554.3) of the Upper Mississippi River System. Prior to this study, there is no record of weed shiners collected in Pool 13. After the initial collection, a follow-up search for weed shiners was undertaken during fall 1990, and during late summer and fall 1991, to estimate relative abundance at this site. The Crooked Slough collection site was seined on three separate occasions, and 1,840 fish were collected. No additional weed shiners were captured. Therefore, the collection efforts do not support the hypothesis that the Crooked Slough collection...
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Macrophyte populations have recently decreased in the Upper Mississippi River (UMR). This decline may be due to abiotic factors, such as a reduction in nutrients; however, biotic factors are also suspect. The common carp Cyprinus carpio has been reported to affect submerged macrophyte populations in other systems but not in the UMR. This study was conducted to determine if common carp can directly or indirectly reduce submerged macrophyte biomass. Twelve enclosures (25 m2) and four reference sites were constructed in Lawrence Lake, a backwater in the UMR, and stocked with one of three densities (0, 1, 10) of common carp. High densities of common carp (10/enclosure or approximately 7000 kg/ha) significantly reduced...
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A depth-integrated finite-element model (RMA-2V) was applied on a section of the Upper Mississippi River to study the hydraulic characteristics of the floodplain-river system. The area that has been modeled is called "Montrose Flats." Aquatic vegetation is abundant at this location, and the flow structure needs to be evaluated in order to study the nutrient transport conditions within this area. The present study focused on a large oval eddy that was observed to form in this area near the downstream end of the Devil's Creek delta. Causative factors for this eddy were examined by using this numerical model. Results indicate that the eddy can be simulated by this model and that numerical study is a feasible way to...
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This tutorial was prepared for field personnel in the Long Term Resource Monitoring Program (LTRMP) for the Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS) and other river managers who use Environmental Planning and Programming Language version 7 (EPPL7). The data sets included in the tutorial are from the LTRMP geographic information system (GIS) data base, and the exercises cover frequently used GIS procedures.
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The Aquatic Habitat Analysis and Visualization Tool is a program and interface that allows users to view and create habitat models using the pre-improvement water quality data collected for the Finger Lakes Habitat Rehabilitation Project (HREP). The Finger Lakes HREP is a hydrologic modification of a backwater lake complex in upper Pool 5 of the Mississippi River. The program and interface were implemented using Arc Macro Language and require the workstation version of ARC/INFO geographic information system software (ESRI, Redlands, CA).
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This chapter describes the procedures for digital data entry to be used by the staff at the Environmental Management Technical Center. Included are procedures for creating a coverage, registering a base map, digitizing with an automated program (Production ARCEDIT), generating topology for a coverage, and attributing. The two main issues during this procedure are digitizing error and quality control. The Appendixes contain forms and other information needed for the digital data entry procedure.
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Since 1988, the Long Term Resource Monitoring Program (LTRMP) has performed basic limnological field measurements in the Upper Mississippi River System. The period of this report (1993 96) includes a major revision of the LTRMP sampling design in 1993 that added randomization, broader spatial coverage, and increased monitoring of tributaries and locations that allow monitoring of material transport. Monitoring by the Lake City Field Station reported here shows water quality differences among the tributaries to Pools 4 and 5, spatial and temporal patterns within these pools, and the sediment and nutrient trapping effects of Lake Pepin, a natural impoundment of the Mississippi River.


map background search result map search result map Strategic Habitat Plan Annual Report - 2007 1988 Operating Plan of the Long Term Resource Monitoring Program for the Upper Mississippi River System Two-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling of a reach of the Mississippi River in Pool 19 to GIS - Using EPPL7 on a microcomputer The status of the weed shiner (Notropis texanus) in Pool 13 of the Upper Mississippi River Geospatial application:  Aquatic habitat analysis and visualization tool Long Term Resource Monitoring Program standard operating procedures:  Production ARCEDIT digitizing Effects of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) on submerged macrophytes and water quality in a backwater lake on the Upper Mississippi River Limnological monitoring on the Upper  Mississippi River System, 1993 1996: Lake City Field Station Long Term Resource Monitoring Program Procedures: Water quality monitoring Modeling fingernail clam (Family: Sphaeriidae) abundance-habitat associations at two spatial scales using hierarchical count models Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan Extent and Condition of Grasslands in Arizona, Northern Mexico, and Southwestern New Mexico Status and Distribution of Chihuahuan Desert Grasslands in the United States and Mexico Managing Changing Landscapes in the Southwestern United States Historical and Contemporary Geographic Data Reveal Complex Spatial and Temporal Responses of Vegetation to Climate and Land Stewardship Publication: A blind spot in climate change Publication: Measuring and managing resistance and resilience under climate change in northern Great Lake forests Vulnerability of Breeding Waterbirds to Climate Change in the Prairie Pothole Region Presence and abundance of non-native plant species associated with recent energy development in the Williston Basin The status of the weed shiner (Notropis texanus) in Pool 13 of the Upper Mississippi River Limnological monitoring on the Upper  Mississippi River System, 1993 1996: Lake City Field Station Two-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling of a reach of the Mississippi River in Pool 19 Historical and Contemporary Geographic Data Reveal Complex Spatial and Temporal Responses of Vegetation to Climate and Land Stewardship Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan Strategic Habitat Plan Annual Report - 2007 Extent and Condition of Grasslands in Arizona, Northern Mexico, and Southwestern New Mexico Presence and abundance of non-native plant species associated with recent energy development in the Williston Basin 1988 Operating Plan of the Long Term Resource Monitoring Program for the Upper Mississippi River System Publication: Measuring and managing resistance and resilience under climate change in northern Great Lake forests to GIS - Using EPPL7 on a microcomputer Geospatial application:  Aquatic habitat analysis and visualization tool Long Term Resource Monitoring Program standard operating procedures:  Production ARCEDIT digitizing Effects of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) on submerged macrophytes and water quality in a backwater lake on the Upper Mississippi River Long Term Resource Monitoring Program Procedures: Water quality monitoring Modeling fingernail clam (Family: Sphaeriidae) abundance-habitat associations at two spatial scales using hierarchical count models Managing Changing Landscapes in the Southwestern United States Status and Distribution of Chihuahuan Desert Grasslands in the United States and Mexico Vulnerability of Breeding Waterbirds to Climate Change in the Prairie Pothole Region Publication: A blind spot in climate change