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RBRduo pressure and temperature sensors, mounted on aluminum frames, were moored in shallow (< 6 m) water depths in Skagit and Bellingham Bays, Washington, USA, from December 2017 to February 2018, to capture wave heights and periods. Continuous pressure fluctuations are transformed into surface-wave observations of wave heights, periods, and frequency spectra at 30-minute intervals.
The development of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth model within the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) model leads to a change in SAV biomass. The SAV biomass is computed from temperature, nutrient loading and light predictions obtained from coupled hydrodynamics (temperature), bio-geochemistry (nutrients) and bio-optical (light) models. In exchange, the growth of SAV sequesters or contributes nutrients from the water column and sediment layers. The presence of SAV modulates current and wave attenuation and consequently affects modelled sediment transport. The model of West Falmouth Harbor in Massachusetts, USA was simulated to study the seagrass growth/dieback pattern in a hypothetical...
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Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center investigated the sedimentary and geochemical properties of the lower reaches of the Pascagoula River along the Mississippi coast of the Gulf of Mexico by collecting estuarine, riverine and marsh sediments. This was done in order to increase understanding of the region's environmental history, describe the long-term (millennial-scale) depositional history, and identify sedimentary intervals associated with extreme marine intrusions. To this end, the group obtained long sediment cores, shovel-dug sediment slabs and marsh and riverine channel/estuarine surface samples from a north-south transect along the river edge from...
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This digital elevation model provides a tool for calibrating tsunami risk to observations of the 1945 Makran tsunami in Karachi Harbour. The DEM bathymetry is derived from soundings made mainly during the first eight years after the tsunami. Although deficient in portraying intertidal backwaters and upland topography, the DEM accurately depicts the sheltered setting of one of the two tide gauges that recorded the 1945 tsunami.
This data release includes the results of analysis of video data conducted by Oregon State University and the geo-habitat interpretation of multibeam echo sounder (MBES) data conducted by the USGS. The data were collected in 2014 and were published in Cochrane and others (2015). This data release accompanies report that describes the project and results in detail (Cochrane and others, 2017). All the data are provided as geographic information system (GIS) files that contain both Esri ArcGIS geotiffs or shapefiles. For those who do not own the full suite of Esri GIS and mapping software, the data can be read using Esri ArcReader, a free viewer that is available at http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/arcreader/index.html...
Categories: Data; Tags: Marine Geology
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Data are time series of substrate grain size, remotely sensed water column turbidity, and measures of abundance (e.g., density, percent cover) of the nearshore subtidal (3-17 m depth) benthic community (vegetation, invertebrates, and fish) collected before (2008-2011) and during dam removal (2012-2014).
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These are metadata related to the collection of samples on the FK190612 research expedition in the north Pacific Ocean along the Cascadia margin in June 2019. Samples were collected to examine characteristics of methane emissions from seafloor seeps at the edge of hydrate stability and the associated communities.
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We used the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST; Warner and others, 2010) model to simulate ocean circulation, waves, and sediment transport in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, during Hurricane Sandy. The simulation period was from October 27 to November 4, 2012. Initial conditions for the salinity and temperature fields in the domain were acquired from a 7-month simulation of the same domain (Defne and Ganju, 2018). We used a 2012 digital terrain model (Andrews and others, 2015) to prescribe the prestorm bathymetry. Wetting and drying was enabled, wave-current interaction was modeled with a boundary-layer formulation accounting for the apparent roughness of waves, and the vortex force formulation...
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High-resolution single-channel Chirp and minisparker seismic-reflection data were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in September and October 2006, offshore Bolinas to San Francisco, California. Data were collected aboard the R/V Lakota, during field activity L-1-06-SF. Chirp data were collected using an EdgeTech 512 chirp subbottom system and were recorded with a Triton SB-Logger. Minisparker data were collected using a SIG 2-mille minisparker sound source combined with a single-channel streamer, and both were recorded with a Triton SB-Logger.
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This data release contains processed high-resolution multichannel sparker seismic-reflection (MCS) data that were collected aboard Humboldt State University’s R/V Coral Sea in October of 2018 on U.S. Geological Survey cruise 2018-658-FA on the shelf and slope between Cape Blanco, Oregon, and Cape Mendocino, California. MCS data were collected to characterize quaternary deformation and sediment dynamics along the southern Cascadia margin.
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The numerical simulation of estuarine dynamics requires accurate prediction for the transport of tracers such as temperature and salinity. All numerical models introduce two kinds of tracer mixing: 1) by parameterizing the tracer eddy diffusivity through turbulence models leading to a source of physical mixing and 2) discretization of the tracer advection term that leads to numerical mixing. Both physical and numerical mixing vary with the choice of horizontal advection schemes, grid resolution, and time step. We utilize the Coupled-Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave-Sediment Transport (COAWST) model to study the mixing in the model by simulating four idealized cases with three different tracer advection schemes.
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This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region from Jamaica Bay to western Great South Bay, located in southeastern New York State. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence wetland health. Through scientific efforts initiated with the Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, the U.S. Geological Survey has been expanding national assessment of coastal change hazards and forecast products to coastal wetlands with the intent of providing Federal, State, and local managers with...
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SWWA26_750UTM is a digital bathymetric surface grid of the seafloor off the coast of Southwest Washington and Northwest Oregon. Grid cell spacing is 750m and the projection is UTM Zone 10. The surface was produced by gridding National Ocean Service (NOS) Hydrographic Surveys collected between 1926 and 1928. This work includes the most recent bathymetric data available on a regional scale over the inner to middle continental shelf off the coast of Washington. The results represent the best available estimate of the seafloor morphology for the time period circa 1926.
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Biannual beach profiles were collected at 42 Oahu and 36 Maui Locationsbetween August 1994 and August 1999. Surveys were conducted atapproximately summer-winter intervals and extend from landward of the activebeach to about -4 meters water depth. Profile data on this CDROM arepresented in both Microsoft EXCEL 97/98 & 5.0/95 Workbook (.xls) format andcomma separated value (.csv) format. Graphical representation of the surveys (xvs. z and x vs. y) are presented in EXCEL format only. Site descriptions, includingbeach location, directions to site, GPS information, and a description ofReference Points used, are available in both EXCEL and ADOBE ACROBAT .pdfformat.
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Biannual beach profiles were collected at 42 Oahu and 36 Maui Locationsbetween August 1994 and August 1999. Surveys were conducted atapproximately summer-winter intervals and extend from landward of the activebeach to about -4 meters water depth. Profile data on this CDROM arepresented in both Microsoft EXCEL 97/98 & 5.0/95 Workbook (.xls) format andcomma separated value (.csv) format. Graphical representation of the surveys (xvs. z and x vs. y) are presented in EXCEL format only. Site descriptions, includingbeach location, directions to site, GPS information, and a description ofReference Points used, are available in both EXCEL and ADOBE ACROBAT .pdfformat.
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High resolution bathymetric, sea-floor backscatter, and seismic-reflection data were collected offshore of southeastern Louisiana aboard the research vessel Point Sur on May 19-26, 2017, in an effort to characterize mudflow hazards on the Mississippi River Delta front. As the initial field program of a research cooperative between the U.S. Geological Survey, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, and other Federal and academic partners, the primary objective of this cruise was to assess the suitability of sea-floor mapping and shallow subsurface imaging tools in the challenging environmental conditions found across delta fronts (for example, variably distributed water column stratification and widespread biogenic...
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This part of DS 781 presents data for the isopachs for the Pigeon Point to Monterey, California, region. The vector data file is included in "Isopachs_PigeonPointToSouthMontereyBay.zip," which is accessible from http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7F47M6T As part of the USGS's California State Waters Mapping Project, a 50-m grid of sediment thickness for the seafloor within the 3-nautical mile limit between Pigeon Point and Monterey was generated from seismic-reflection data collected in 2009 and 2012 (USGS activities S-15-10-NC, S-06-11-MB and S-N1-09-MB) supplemented with outcrop and geologic structure from DS 781. The resulting grid covers an area of approximately 860 sq km. The volume of sediment accumulated since the...
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Quantification of cliff retreat rates for the southern half of Santa Cruz County, CA, USA, located within the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, using the softcopy/geographic information system (GIS) methodology results in average cliff retreat rates of 7–15 cm/yr between 1953 and 1994. The coastal dunes at the southern end of Santa Cruz County migrate seaward and landward through time and display net accretion between 1953 and 1994, which is partially due to development. In addition, three critically eroding segments of coastline with high average erosion rates ranging from 20 to 63 cm/yr are identified as erosion ‘hotspots’. These locations include: Opal Cliffs, Depot Hill and Manresa. Although cliff retreat...
Categories: Publication; Types: Citation; Tags: Marine Geology


map background search result map search result map SWWA26_750UTM: Southwest Washington 750 meter, 1926 Bathymetry Grid; UTM Projection Beach profile data for Maui, Hawaii Beach profile data for Oahu, Hawaii Isopachs--Pigeon Point to Monterey, California Data collected in 2008-2014 to assess nearshore subtidal community responses to increased sediment load during removal of the Elwha River dams, Washington State, USA Seismic Reflection, EdgeTech SB-512i chirp profile images,USGS field activity 2017-003-FA, Mississippi River Delta front offshore of southeastern Louisiana (PNG images) Sedimentary data from the lower Pascagoula River, Mississippi, USA Bathymetric and topographic grid intended for simulations of the 1945 Makran tsunami in Karachi Harbour Chirp and minisparker seismic-reflection data of field activity L-1-06-SF collected offshore Bolinas to San Francisco, California from 2006-09-25 to 2006-10-03 U.S. Geological Survey hydrodynamic model simulations for Barnegat Bay, New Jersey, during Hurricane Sandy, 2012 Wave observations from nearshore bottom-mounted pressure sensors in Skagit and Bellingham Bays, Washington, USA from Dec 2017 to Feb 2018 Coastal wetlands from Jamaica Bay to western Great South Bay, New York Numerical model of Submerged Aquatic Vegetation (SAV) growth dynamics in West Falmouth Harbor Sample collection metadata for the FK190612 expedition along the Cascadia margin in June 2019 Multichannel sparker seismic reflection data of USGS field activity 2018-658-FA collected between Cape Blanco and Cape Mendocino from 2018-10-04 to 2018-10-18 Sedimentary data from the lower Pascagoula River, Mississippi, USA Bathymetric and topographic grid intended for simulations of the 1945 Makran tsunami in Karachi Harbour Chirp and minisparker seismic-reflection data of field activity L-1-06-SF collected offshore Bolinas to San Francisco, California from 2006-09-25 to 2006-10-03 Wave observations from nearshore bottom-mounted pressure sensors in Skagit and Bellingham Bays, Washington, USA from Dec 2017 to Feb 2018 Beach profile data for Oahu, Hawaii Seismic Reflection, EdgeTech SB-512i chirp profile images,USGS field activity 2017-003-FA, Mississippi River Delta front offshore of southeastern Louisiana (PNG images) Beach profile data for Maui, Hawaii Isopachs--Pigeon Point to Monterey, California SWWA26_750UTM: Southwest Washington 750 meter, 1926 Bathymetry Grid; UTM Projection Multichannel sparker seismic reflection data of USGS field activity 2018-658-FA collected between Cape Blanco and Cape Mendocino from 2018-10-04 to 2018-10-18 Sample collection metadata for the FK190612 expedition along the Cascadia margin in June 2019