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A warming climate, fire exclusion, and land cover changes are altering the conditions that produced historical fire regimes and facilitating increased recent wildfire activity in the northwestern United States. Understanding the impacts of changing fire regimes on forest recruitment and succession, species distributions, carbon cycling, and ecosystem services is critical, but challenging across broad spatial scales. One important and understudied aspect of fire regimes is the unburned area within fire perimeters; these areas can function as fire refugia across the landscape during and after wildfire by providing habitat and seed sources. With increasing fire activity, there is speculation that fire intensity and...
Wildfire refugia are forest patches that are minimally-impacted by fire and provide critical habitats for fire-sensitive species and seed sources for post-fire forest regeneration. Wildfire refugia are relatively understudied, particularly concerning the impacts of subsequent fires on existing refugia. We opportunistically re-visited 122 sites classified in 1994 for a prior fire refugia study, which were burned by two wildfires in 2012 in the Cascade mountains of central Washington, USA. We evaluated the fire effects for historically persistent fire refugia and compared them to the surrounding non-refugial forest matrix. Of 122 total refugial (43 plots) and non-refugial (79 plots) sites sampled following the 2012...
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Geospatial data were developed to characterize pre-fire biomass, burn severity, and biomass consumed for the Black Dragon Fire that burned in northern China in 1987. Pre-fire aboveground tree biomass (Mh/ha) raster data were derived by relating plot-level forest inventory data with pre-fire Landsat imagery from 1986 and 1987. Biomass data were generated for individual species: Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii Rupr. Kuzen), white birch (Betula platyphylla Suk), aspen (Populus davidiana Dode and Populus suaveolens Fischer), and Mongolian Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica Litvinov). A raster layer of total aboveground tree biomass was also generated. Burned area was manually delineated using the normalized...
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In Alaska, recent research has identified particular areas of the state where both a lack of soil moisture and warming temperatures increase the likelihood of wildfire. While this is an important finding, this previous research did not take into account the important role that melting snow, ice, and frozen ground (permafrost) play in replenshing soil moisture in the spring and summer months. This project will address this gap in the characterization of fire risk using the newly developed monthly water balance model (MWBM). The MWBM takes into account rain, snow, snowmelt, glacier ice melt, and the permafrost layer to better calculate soil moisture replenishment and the amount of moisture that is lost to the atmosphere...
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The FSim burn probability was used to determine the burn probability of the white sturgeon range in the ecoregion. This layer was used to examine wildfire risk to areas within the white sturgeon range.
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The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) project assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large wildland fires (includes wildfire, wildland fire use, and prescribed fire) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period of 1984 through 2010. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This...
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The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) project assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large fires (includes wildfire, wildland fire use, and prescribed fire) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period of 1984 through 2011. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This map layer...
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The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) project assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large fires (includes wildfire, wildland fire use, and prescribed fire) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period of 1984 through 2011. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This map layer...
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The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) project assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large fires (includes wildfire, wildland fire use, and prescribed fire) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period of 1984 through 2011. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This map layer...
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The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) project assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large fires (includes wildfire, wildland fire use, and prescribed fire) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period of 1984 through 2011. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This map layer...
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This dataset is a raster of predicted suitable bioclimate using statistical correlations between known habitat and current climate (1950-1999 average) , and then projecting that niche into the future. The future timeslices used are 2020's, which is an average of 2020-2029, and 2050's which is 2050-2059. The Values 1-6 show the degree of model agreement (For example: areas with a value of 1 is where only 1 GCM predicted suitability; pixels with a value of 6 are where 6 GCMs predicted suitability, ect). *see Maxent output pdfs for more details about model inputs and settings.
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This dataset is a raster of predicted suitable bioclimate using statistical correlations between known habitat and current climate (1950-1999 average) , and then projecting that niche into the future. The future timeslices used are 2020's, which is an average of 2020-2029, and 2050's which is 2050-2059. The Values 1-6 show the degree of model agreement (For example: areas with a value of 1 is where only 1 GCM predicted suitability; pixels with a value of 6 are where 6 GCMs predicted suitability, ect). *see Maxent output pdfs for more details about model inputs and settings.
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This dataset is a raster of predicted suitable bioclimate using statistical correlations between known habitat and current climate (1950-1999 average) , and then projecting that niche into the future. The future timeslices used are 2020's, which is an average of 2020-2029, and 2050's which is 2050-2059. The Values 1-6 show the degree of model agreement (For example: areas with a value of 1 is where only 1 GCM predicted suitability; pixels with a value of 6 are where 6 GCMs predicted suitability, ect). *see Maxent output pdfs for more details about model inputs and settings.
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This dataset is a raster of predicted suitable bioclimate using statistical correlations between known habitat and current climate (1950-1999 average) , and then projecting that niche into the future. The future timeslices used are 2020's, which is an average of 2020-2029, and 2050's which is 2050-2059. The Values 1-6 show the degree of model agreement (For example: areas with a value of 1 is where only 1 GCM predicted suitability; pixels with a value of 6 are where 6 GCMs predicted suitability, ect). *see Maxent output pdfs for more details about model inputs and settings.
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The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) project assesses the frequency, extent, and magnitude (size and severity) of all large wildland fires (includes wildfire, wildland fire use, and prescribed fire) in the conterminous United States (CONUS), Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico for the period of 1984 through 2010. All fires reported as greater than 1,000 acres in the western U.S. and greater than 500 acres in the eastern U.S. are mapped across all ownerships. MTBS produces a series of geospatial and tabular data for analysis at a range of spatial, temporal, and thematic scales and are intended to meet a variety of information needs that require consistent data about fire effects through space and time. This...
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This dataset is a raster of predicted suitable bioclimate using statistical correlations between known habitat and current climate (1950-1999 average) , and then projecting that niche into the future. The future timeslices used are 2020's, which is an average of 2020-2029, and 2050's which is 2050-2059. The Values 1-6 show the degree of model agreement (For example: areas with a value of 1 is where only 1 GCM predicted suitability; pixels with a value of 6 are where 6 GCMs predicted suitability, ect). *see Maxent output pdfs for more details about model inputs and settings.
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This dataset is a raster of predicted suitable bioclimate using statistical correlations between known habitat and current climate (1950-1999 average) , and then projecting that niche into the future. The future timeslices used are 2020's, which is an average of 2020-2029, and 2050's which is 2050-2059. The Values 1-6 show the degree of model agreement (For example: areas with a value of 1 is where only 1 GCM predicted suitability; pixels with a value of 6 are where 6 GCMs predicted suitability, ect). *see Maxent output pdfs for more details about model inputs and settings.
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Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity Data (MTBS) distributes three burn and fire related datasets (Burned Area Boundaries, Fire Occurrence Dataset, Burn Severity Mosaics). MTBS also provides web map services (WMS) as a method to access the national MTBS geospatial datasets. All three types of the seamless national datasets are published as an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)-compliant WMS.
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The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed and implemented an algorithm that identifies burned areas in dense time series of Landsat image stacks to produce the Landsat Burned Area Essential Climate Variable (BAECV) products. The algorithm makes use of predictors derived from individual Landsat scenes, lagged reference conditions, and change metrics between the scene and reference conditions. Outputs of the BAECV algorithm consist of pixel-level burn probabilities for each Landsat scene, and annual burn probability, burn classification, and burn date composites. These products were generated for the conterminous United States for 1984 through 2015. These data are also available for download at https://rmgsc.cr.usgs.gov/outgoing/baecv/BAECV_CONUS_v1.1_2017/...
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Polygon locations of fire perimeters in the Sky Island mountain ranges in the Madrean Archipelago Ecoregion of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. These fires occurred from 1985 to 2017 and were mapped using Landsat satellite imagery.


map background search result map search result map Landsat Burned Area Essential Climate Variable products for the conterminous United States (1984 - 2015) Improving Characterizations of Future Wildfire Risk in Alaska Pre-fire biomass, burn severity, biomass consumption, and fire perimeter data for the 1987 Black Dragon Fire in China BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (2010) BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (1999) BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (2005) BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (2004) BLM REA NGB 2011 Fsim Burn Probability in White Sturgeon Areas (4km) BLM REA NWP 2011 FI C 2000 MTBS BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Bighorn Sheep BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Sonoran Mojave Mixed Salt Desert Scrub BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Inter-Mountain Basins Mixed Salt Desert Scrub BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Mojave Mid Elevation Mixed Desert Scrub BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Swainsons Hawk BLM REA CBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Mule Deer Class D Winter BLM REA CBR 2010 mtbs perims Clip CBR Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity Data (MTBS) Downloadable Data and Map Services Mapped fire perimeters from the Sky Island Mountains of US and Mexico: 1985-2017 Pre-fire biomass, burn severity, biomass consumption, and fire perimeter data for the 1987 Black Dragon Fire in China Mapped fire perimeters from the Sky Island Mountains of US and Mexico: 1985-2017 BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (2010) BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (1999) BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (2005) BLM REA MAR 2012 CONUS Thematic Burn Severity Mosaic (2004) BLM REA CBR 2010 mtbs perims Clip CBR BLM REA NGB 2011 Fsim Burn Probability in White Sturgeon Areas (4km) BLM REA NWP 2011 FI C 2000 MTBS BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Bighorn Sheep BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Sonoran Mojave Mixed Salt Desert Scrub BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Inter-Mountain Basins Mixed Salt Desert Scrub BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Mojave Mid Elevation Mixed Desert Scrub BLM REA MBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Swainsons Hawk BLM REA CBR 2010 Modeled Future Bioclimate 2050 - Mule Deer Class D Winter Improving Characterizations of Future Wildfire Risk in Alaska Landsat Burned Area Essential Climate Variable products for the conterminous United States (1984 - 2015) Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity Data (MTBS) Downloadable Data and Map Services