Collection of paper reports comprised mainly of IGS publications. A complete list of scanned publications can be found: https://www.iihr.uiowa.edu/igs/publications/search.
This is the Supporting Material for Chapter 05: Testing Differences Between Two Independent Groups. This chapter discusses the nonparametric, permutation, and parametric tests for whether two independent groups differ in central location.
Advancing understanding of ecosystem responses to climate change with warming experiments: what we have learned and what is unknown?
Advancing our mechanistic understanding of ecosystem responses to climate change is critical to improve ecological theories, develop predictive models to simulate ecosystem processes, and inform sound policies to manage ecosystems and human activities. Manipulation of temperature in the field, or the “ecosystem warming experiment,” has proved to be a powerful tool to understand ecosystem responses to changes in temperature. No comprehensive synthesis has been conducted since the last one more than 10 years ago. A new synthetic analysis is critically needed to advance our understanding of ecosystem responses to warming, to highlight experimental artifacts and appropriate interpretations, and to guide development...
Microbial Source Tracking Marker Concentrations in the Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Watershed in 2015-2017, Georgia, USA
The dataset contains Esherichia coli and quantitative polymerase chain reaction data for microbial source tracking markers in the Chattahoochee River and streams within the Chattahoochee River National Recreation area from samples collected in the winter and summer of the federal fiscal years 2016 and 2017. Six water samples were collected from three sites on the Chattahoochee River each season. Eleven stream sites and one additional site on the Chattahoochee River were sampled once each season, with the exception of two sites, which were not sampled in winter FY16.
Integrating modeling and empirical approaches to improve predictions of tropical forest responses to global warming
Tropical forests contain > 50% of the world’s known species (Heywood 1995), 55% of global forest biomass (Pan et al. 2011), and exchange more carbon (C), water and energy with the atmosphere than any other ecosystem type (e.g., Saugier et al. 2001). Despite their importance, there is more uncertainty associated with predictions of how tropical forests will respond to warming than for any other biome (Randerson et al. 2009). This uncertainty is of global concern due to the large quantity of C cycled by these forests and the high potential for biodiversity loss. Given the importance of tropical forests, decision makers and land managers around the globe need increased predictive capacity regarding how tropical forests...
Biogeochemical analyses of water samples collected in the mudstone aquifer underlying the Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, NJ (2008-2013)
These data sets present results from the analyses of groundwater samples collected from monitoring wells and monitoring intervals in bedrock wells in the mudstone aquifer underlying the former Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC), West Trenton, NJ. The water samples were collected between 2008 and 2013 and were analyzed for field parameters, inorganic and organic constituents, and the abundances of selected microbes of importance to the evaluation of biological degradation of organic contaminants in groundwater. The collection and analyses of the groundwater samples coincides with conducting a bioaugmentation experiment in a targeted region of the mudstone aquifer. The purpose of the bioaugmentation was to introduce...
Water surface elevations recorded by submerged water level loggers in off-channel features of the middle and upper Willamette River, Oregon, Summer, 2016
Water surface elevations within seven Willamette River off-channel features (OCF; alcoves and side channels) were measured using submerged pressure transducers. Transducers were installed from late May through mid-October, 2016, when discharge of the Willamette River was between approximately 5,500 and 45,000 cubic feet per second at Salem, Oregon (USGS gage 14191000) and 3,500 to 17,500 cubic feet per second at Harrisburg, Oregon (USGS gage 14166000). Pressure transducer sensor depth was measured at all seven sites. For five of the sites, pressure transducer sensor depths were converted to water surface elevations by surveying the water surface at each transducer with a real-time kinematic global positioning system...
Shapefile of sampling sites for the assessment of groundwater quality at selected wells throughout Puerto Rico, December 2015 to November 2016
This U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) data release consists of a point shapefile with the location of the sites used in a sampling program to assess the water quality at selected wells throughout Puerto Rico. The sampling was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Puerto Rico Environmental Quality Board (PREQB) during December 2015 to November 2016.
It is well know that every earthquake can spawn others (e.g., as aftershocks), and that such triggered events can be large and damaging, as recently demonstrated by L’Aquila, Italy and Christchurch, New Zealand earthquakes. In spite of being an explicit USGS strategic-action priority (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2012/1088; page 32), the USGS currently lacks an automated system with which to forecast such events and official protocols for disseminating the potential implications. This capability, known as Operational Earthquake Forecasting (OEF), could provide valuable situational awareness to emergency managers, the public, and other entities interested in preparing for potentially damaging earthquakes. With the various...
Water availability for ungauged rivers: an integrative, multi-model approach to estimate water availability at ungauged rivers across the United States
There has been increasing attention placed on the need for water availability information at ungauged locations, particularly related to balancing human and ecological needs for water. Critical to assessing water availability is the necessity for daily streamflow time series; however, most of the rivers in the United States are ungauged. This proposal leverages over $1M currently allocated to the USGS National Water Census Program towards developing an integrated modeling approach to estimate daily streamflow at ungauged locations, with the ultimate goal of providing daily streamflow estimates at 160,000 ungauged catchments across the United States. By assembling a diverse and prolific group of international scientists,...
Mineralogic, grain-size, biologic, and stable isotopic analyses of core TOPGUN-SODA10 2A-K from Big Soda Lake, Nevada, USA
These data were collected from the TOPGUN-SODA10 2AK core collected in 2010 by LacCore (University of Minnesota), the USGS. and the University of California (U.C.) Berkeley. The 8.9 meter length core had stable isotopes of oxygen and carbon sampled every 10 millimeters or so, and diatoms samples at every 50 millimeters to 200 millimeters depending on the depth in the core. mineralogic data were collected using X-ray diffraction and grain-size analysis were done at various depths. These data are used to interpret the Holocene and late Pleistocene hydrology and paleoclimate of the lake and the region. The interpretation can be found in: Rosen, M.R., Reidy, L., Starratt, S., Zimmerman, S., in review, Middle Holocene...
Note: No formal accuracy tests were conducted and these data are disseminated to allow discussion related to methods. Sample Analyses: Samples were processed at both the USGS in Menlo Park, CA, and at UC Berkeley following established methodology for separating organic material from sinter (Howald et al., 2014; Lowenstern et al., 2016; Slagter et al., 2019). First, the exterior surface of each sample was removed using a rock saw, and then any further material was removed if there was any visible algal material in the interior of the sample. Second, samples underwent a series of chemical baths. Samples were crushed and soaked in 30% hydrogen peroxide for 48 hours to remove any remaining modern algae. Once cleaned,...
The Desert Landscape Conservation Cooperative Land Cover Map shows land cover at a regional scale (1:2,500,000). The files provided are graphic design files that can be used to plot a publication-quality, poster-size map.Scale: 1:2,500,000 Map poster dimensions: 34 x 44 inches Data sources:Land cover from North American Environmental Atlas by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, 2010. Physiographic regions from Natural Earth 1:10 million scale Physical Labels (3.0.0) derived from Patterson’s Physical Map of the World, 2008. Hydrography, populated places, and political boundaries from National Atlas of the United States, 2004. File descriptions: DLCC_LandCover.ai is an Adobe Illustrator file. DLCC_LandCover.pdf...
Categories: Data; Types: ArcGIS REST Map Service, ArcGIS Service Definition, Downloadable, Map Service, OGC WFS Layer, OGC WMS Layer, OGC WMS Service; Tags: Academics & scientific researchers, Conservation NGOs, DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION, Data, Data.gov Desert Landscape Conservation Cooperative,
This shapefile is the official boundary of the Atlantic Coastal Fish Habitat Partnership. The boundary was originally developed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and was updated in 2013 to reflect revisions from the Atlantic Coastal Fish Habitat Partnership, a recognized Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) of the National Fish Habitat Partnership.
This shapefile defines the two distinct zones within the 2013 boundary of the Pacific Marine and Estuarine Fish Habitat Partnership (PMEP), a recognized Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) of the National Fish Habitat Partnership (NFHP). The two zones of the PMEP include the estuarine and marine nearshore complex (PMEP focus area, coastal subregions, and nearshore marine waters) of the states of California, Oregon, and Washington.
This shapefile is the official boundary of the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture. The boundary was originally developed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and was updated in 2013 to reflect revisions from the Eastern Brook Trout Joint Venture, a recognized Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) of the National Fish Habitat Partnership.
This shapefile is the official boundary of the Hawaii Fish Habitat Partnership. The shapefile was developed in 2013 to reflect the boundary as defined by the Hawaii Fish Habitat Partnership, a recognized Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) of the National Fish Habitat Partnership.
This shapefile is the official boundary of the Western Native Trout Initiative. The boundary was originally developed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and was updated in 2013 to reflect revisions from the Western Native Trout Initiative, a recognized Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) of the National Fish Habitat Partnership.
This shapefile is the official boundary of the Fishers & Farmers Partnership. The boundary was originally developed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and was updated in 2013 to reflect revisions from the Fishers & Farmers Partnership, a recognized Fish Habitat Partnership (FHP) of the National Fish Habitat Partnership.
Air-free pH and specific conductance measurements for effluent generated during phosphate removal column experiment
These data represent the air-free pH and specific conductance per pore volume of effluent generated by the phosphate removal column experiment. Solid samples used for the columns are of modern and legacy iron and steel slag from the Chicago-Gary area of Illinois and Indiana, USA.