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The U.S. Geological Survey's Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center (UMESC) has created high-resolution land cover/use data sets for the Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS) from 1:15,000-scale color infrared aerial photos. These data have been used to create a variety of products, one of which is a data set used to classify aquatic areas. The 1989 and 1991 aquatic areas data sets were created by first generalizing the available land cover/use data into a land/water data set, then reinterpreting the aerial photography within the areas classified as water to determine the type of aquatic area. The geographic extent of the UMRS is the Mississippi River floodplain from Cairo, IL to Minneapolis, MN and the Illinois...
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is under consideration as a chemical fish deterrent at pinch points in rivers (e.g., inside locks) to reduce unwanted fish passage. This study evaluated the behavioral responses of invasive round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) to dissolved CO2 in laboratory tanks. The goal of this project was to quantify CO2 concentrations that modify round goby behavior. More specifically, avoidance behavior (voluntary response) and loss of equilibrium (involuntary response) were quantified across 5, 15, and 25°C water temperatures. These data can be used to inform future field testing of CO2 as an invasive fish deterrent. Spreadsheets include data that were used to evaluate the efficacy of carbon dioxide (CO2)...
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This dataset is one of a dozen or so datasets that provide the basis for a vulnerability assessment of the Great Northern LCC that examines land use and climate changes at landscape scales, for the full LCC boundary. It provides a measure of vulnerability based on biome velocity and using a terrestrial (moving window) anlaysis. The values range from 0 to 1 and are unitless, where Vhg = Eh x (1-Ag). The original floating point values ranging from 0-1.0 were multiplied by 100 and converted to integer format for this dataset.
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This dataset is one of a dozen or so datasets that provide the basis for a vulnerability assessment of the Great Northern LCC that examines land use and climate changes at landscape scales, for the full LCC boundary. It provides a measure of vulnerability based on temperature change using a watershed-based analysis. The values range from 0 to 1 and are unitless, where Vtw = Et x (1-Aw). The original floating point values ranging from 0-1.0 were multiplied by 100 and converted to integer format for this dataset.
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Forest- Data collected once using GIS prior to fish sampling. Our approach was to focus the study on smaller, headwater catchments because larger streams drained areas containing both hemlock and mixed hardwood forest, making forest-specific comparison intractable. In addition, most of these larger watersheds were impacted by humans (e.g., impoundments, agriculture, quarries) that could confound our assessment of the influence of hemlock. Even after limiting the study to headwater catchments, other possible confounding factors remained; we controlled for landscape variability (i.e., terrain and stream size) through the sampling design and we excluded others (i.e., minimum catchment area,beaver activity) through...
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Problem The Village of Dryden, rural homeowners, farms, and businesses in the Virgil Creek Valley tap several confined sand and gravel aquifers in the Virgil Creek valley in the town of Dryden . The valley contains a large moraine with complex stratigraphy consisting of continuous and discontinuous layers of till, lake deposits, and glaciofluvial sand and gravel. Sand and gravel units form the aquifers in the valley-fill deposits. There are at least three extensive confined aquifer units at various depths. However, little is known about (1) the location of recharge and discharge areas, (2) direction of groundwater flow, (3) extent of hydraulic connection between aquifer units, and (4) extent of surface- and ground-water...
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This dataset depicts 10 foot contours derived from the USGS 1/3 arc second (10m) digital elevation model.
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This mapping documents the changes in extent and condition of vernal pool habitat in the Great Valley between 2005 and 2012. "Vernal pool habitat" is defined as vernal pools and the surrounding upland (typically grassland) habitat matrix. The 2005 basemap was created by using double-blind mapping protocol and included 21.4 million acres in and surrounding the Sacramento and San Joaquin valleys (Witham et al 2013). The area included in the 2012 remapping effort focused on the 807,820 acres identified in the 2005 map and areas immediately surrounding the previously mapped polygons. Special attention was paid to areas where habitat was being created through mitigation banking. The result of the 2012 remapping shows...
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Boreal regions contain more than half of the carbon in forested regions of the world and over 60% of the world's surface freshwater. Carbon storage and the flood control and water filtration provided by freshwaters and wetlands have recently been identified as the most important ecosystem services provided by boreal regions, with a value many times greater than current resource exploitation. Ecosystem services and sensitive ways of detecting their impairment have so far not been fully included in boreal conservation planning. Climate warming, via its effect on permafrost melting, insect damage, and forest fire, threatens to trigger large positive carbon feedbacks that may enhance the concentrations of greenhouse...
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This dataset was used to summarize and analyze the mortality factors recorderd on dead trees in the Sierra Nevada Forest Dynamics Plot Network, which is managed by the Sequoia and Kings Canyon Field station of the U.S. Geological Survey's Western Ecological Research Center. Each row of the dataset represents an individual dead tree. These are dead trees that were recorded in the network from 1998 to 2010 for the subset of plots as described in the associated manuscript; Das, A.J., Stephenson, N.L., Davis, K.P. 2016. Why do trees die? Characterizing the drivers of background tree mortality. Ecology. 97(10): 2616-2627, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1497
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Predictions of future fire activity over Canada's boreal forests have primarily been generated from climate data following assumptions that direct effects of weather will stand alone in contributing to changes in burning. However, this assumption needs explicit testing. First, areas recently burned can be less likely to burn again in the near term, and this endogenous regulation suggests the potential for self-limiting, negative biotic feedback to regional climate-driven increases in fire. Second, forest harvest is ongoing, and resulting changes in vegetation structure have been shown to affect fire activity. Consequently, we tested the assumption that fire activity will be driven by changes in fire weather without...
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Recent studies have shown that ice duration in lakes and rivers over the Northern Hemisphere has decreased over the 19th and 20th centuries in response to global warming. However, lake ice trends have not been well documented in Canada. Because of its size, considerable variability may exist in both freeze-up and break-up dates across the country. In this paper, results of the analysis of recent trends (1951-2000) in freeze-up and break-up dates across Canada are presented. Trends toward earlier break-up dates are observed for most lakes during the time periods of analysis which encompass the 1990s. Freeze-up dates, on the other hand, show few significant trends and a low degree of temporal coherence when compared...
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A selective review of lichenometry as used to date Holocenemoraines in five diverse regions of Alaska and in southeastern Kamchatka suggests that growth curves for this North Pacific areamay be improved by attention to several factors. These includedlichen identification, control point number and distribution,radiocarbon calibration, alternative curve models, andcompatibility of lichen growth rate with climate. Support forcontrol points presented for Kamchatka and published for Alaska areas will benefit from supplementary control at and beyond thebreak from the great growth curve segments of the last centuries.With regard to alternative-linear, logarithmic, and compositecurve-models drawn for the published lichenometric...
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Experiments have been conducted with a regional climate model to indicate the conditions required to generate preferred regions of frontal activity in the Alaskan region. Several objective methods of frontal identification were first investigated. It was found that· the vertical component of relative vorticity,· a thermal front parameter -&nablaB;|&nablaB;Tsub 850] | · n, where Tsub 850] is the 850-hPa temperature and n is a unit vector in the direction of the 850-hPa temperature gradient, and· a parameter derived from the Q vector as a measure of vertical motionwere useful in combination to determine the occurrence of fronts. The preferred locations for frontal activity were located to the southern side of the...
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This data release includes approximately 1,032 km of marine single-channel seismic-reflection data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey on a research cruise (USGS survey 2014-632-FA) in July and August, 2014, between Point Sal and Refugio State Beach. The dataset includes 168 profiles, most of which were collected on tracklines roughly perpendicular to the coast at 1 km line spacing; additional profiles were collected on coast-parallel tie lines. These data were acquired to support the California Seafloor Mapping Program and USGS Geologic Hazards projects. Seismic-reflection data were collected using a minisparker system that creates an acoustic signal by discharging an electrical pulse between electrodes and...


map background search result map search result map Proportion of Low and Black Sagebrush Land Cover (5-km scale) in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area Mortality factors for dead trees from a subset of plots from the Sierra Nevada Forest Dynamics Plot Network from 1998 to 2010 Hydrogeology of the Virgil Creek Valley in the Town of Dryden, Tompkins County, New York Vhg: terrestrially-defined vulnerability, biome velocity for Great Northern LCC Vtw: hydrologically-defined vulnerability, temperature change for Great Northern LCC Fish Population and Hemlock data in Delware Water Gap Parking Areas, Tule Lake NWR Contours, 10ft, Klamath Marsh NWR Nevada 2015 State Wildlife Action Plan Species of Greatest Conservation Need Vernal Pools in California, 2012 Comprehensive conservation planning to protect biodiversity and ecosystem services in Canadian boreal regions under a warming climate and increasing exploitation Recent trends in Canadian lake ice cover Effects of biotic feedback and harvest management on boreal forest fire activity under climate change The Alaskan Arctic Frontal Zone: Forcing by Orography, Coastal Contrast, and the Boreal Forest Marine geophysical data—Point Sal to Refugio State Beach, southern California The Peel Watershed Case: Implications for Aboriginal Consultation 1989 Aquatic Areas - Upper Mississippi River System - Lockport Pool MyMapService Hydrogeology of the Virgil Creek Valley in the Town of Dryden, Tompkins County, New York Fish Population and Hemlock data in Delware Water Gap Contours, 10ft, Klamath Marsh NWR 1989 Aquatic Areas - Upper Mississippi River System - Lockport Pool Marine geophysical data—Point Sal to Refugio State Beach, southern California Mortality factors for dead trees from a subset of plots from the Sierra Nevada Forest Dynamics Plot Network from 1998 to 2010 Vernal Pools in California, 2012 MyMapService The Peel Watershed Case: Implications for Aboriginal Consultation Nevada 2015 State Wildlife Action Plan Species of Greatest Conservation Need Proportion of Low and Black Sagebrush Land Cover (5-km scale) in the Wyoming Basins Ecoregional Assessment area The Alaskan Arctic Frontal Zone: Forcing by Orography, Coastal Contrast, and the Boreal Forest Parking Areas, Tule Lake NWR Vhg: terrestrially-defined vulnerability, biome velocity for Great Northern LCC Comprehensive conservation planning to protect biodiversity and ecosystem services in Canadian boreal regions under a warming climate and increasing exploitation Vtw: hydrologically-defined vulnerability, temperature change for Great Northern LCC Effects of biotic feedback and harvest management on boreal forest fire activity under climate change