This dataset contains mercury concentrations and locations of wintering red-legged kittiwakes in the western subartic Pacific Ocean. These data support the following publication: Fleishman, AB, RA Orben, N Kokubun, A Will, R Paredes, JT Ackerman, A Takahashi, AS Kitaysky, and SA Shaffer. 2019. Wintering in the Western Subarctic Pacific increases mercury contamination of red-legged kittiwakes. Environmental Science and Technology, in press.
The timing of dabbling duckling hatch, nest departure and depredation in Suisun Marsh, California from 2015-2017
These data include a row for each duck nest equipped with a small video camera. We present the location of the nest, the timing of the start of hatch, the timing of the end of hatch, and the timing of the departure of the hen and ducklings from the nest. Additionally, this table includes any predators that were observed at the nest depredating eggs prior to hatch and any predators that were observed at the nest between hatch and departure from the nest. These data support the following publication: "Sitting ducklings: Timing of hatch, nest departure, and predation risk for dabbling duck broods" by Sarah H. Peterson, Joshua T. Ackerman, Mark P. Herzog, C. Alex Hartman, Rebecca Croston, Cliff L. Feldheim, and Michael...
Identifying migration routes and fall stopover sites of cinnamon teal (Spatula cyanoptera septentrionalium) can provide a spatial guide to management and conservation efforts, and address vulnerabilities in wetland networks that support migratory waterbirds. Using high spatio-temporal resolution GSM-GPS transmitters, we tracked the fall migration of 61 cinnamon teal across western North America over three years (2017-2019). We marked cinnamon teal primarily during spring/summer in important breeding and molting regions across seven states (California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, and Nevada). We assessed migration routes and timing, detected 261 fall stopover sites, and identified specific ecoregions...
Egg Morphometric Data Obtained for White-faced Ibis Nesting in Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, Great Salt Lake, Utah (2010-2012)
This data consists of egg morphometric data from white-faced ibis. Eggs were collected in the field and then measured and dissected in the lab to obtain estimates of length, width and mass. This data supports the following publication: Herzog, M.P., Ackerman, J.T. and Hartman, C.A., 2021. Egg morphometrics and egg shape coefficients for White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology.
Nest Data for White-faced Ibis in Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, Great Salt Lake, Utah in Summer 2012
Nest monitoring data of white-faced ibis. Data were collected at seven day intervals and provide information on success and failure of the nest during that interval. Summary vegetation and habitat data were also collected at the nest. These data support the following publication: Herzog, M.P., Ackerman, J.T., Hartman, C.A. and Browers, H., 2020. Nesting ecology of White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi) in Great Salt Lake, Utah. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 132(1), pp.134-144.
The dataset includes three separate excel spreadsheets which provides waterbird (and predator) observations within individual survey units during the May 2019 breeding waterbird survey of south San Francisco Bay (2019WaterbirdSurveyFullData.xlsx), the total number of American avocets, black-necked stilts, and Forster's terns within each pond unit surveyed during the May 2019 survey (2019WaterbirdSurveyPondModel.xlsx), and the annual total number of nests for American avocets, black-necked stilts, and Forster's terns in south San Francisco between 2005 and 2019 (SouthBayWaterbirdNests2005-2019.xlsx). These data support the following publication: Hartman CA, Ackerman JT, Shacter C, Herzog MP, Tarjan LM, Wang Y, Strong...
How mallard and gadwall hens nesting in Grizzly Island Wildlife Area respond when flushed (2015 - 2018)
This dataset describes responses to flushes by surveyors and predators for mallard and gadwall hens nesting on the Grizzly Island Wildlife Area, Suisun Marsh, California in 2015 through 2018. It includes the start time and duration of recesses, as well as the cause of recess initiation and responses of hens to various trapping activities at the nest site. These data support the following publication: Croston, R., Hartman, C.A., Herzog, M.P., Peterson, S.H., Kohl, J.D., Overton, C.T., Feldheim, C.L., Casazza, M.L. and Ackerman, J.T., 2021. Interrupted incubation: How dabbling ducks respond when flushed from the nest. Ecology and Evolution.
Variability of mercury concentrations among whole bird feathers, feather homogenates, and feather components quantified in California in 2017-2018
These data are the raw total mercury (THg) concentrations in whole feathers, feather homogenates, and feather components (i.e., rachis, vane, calamus) that are presented in the Journal Article "Mercury concentrations vary within and among individual bird feathers: A critical evaluation and guidelines for feather use in mercury monitoring programs" in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry by Peterson et al.
Comma-separated values (.csv) files containing data related to a National-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in the US National Parks using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels through a citizen science framework.
Nocturnal Incubation Recess and Flushing Behavior by Duck Hens Nesting in Grizzly Island Wildlife Area 2015-2018
This dataset describes nocturnal incubation recess behavior for mallard and gadwall hens nesting in Grizzly Island Wildlife Area in breeding seasons 2015-2018. It includes the frequency, start time and duration of recesses, and details a method for determining whether a recess was initiated in response to a predator at the nest using nest temperature data. These data support the following publication: Croston, R.L., Peterson, S.E., Hartman, C.A., Herzog, M.P., Feldheim, C.L., Casazza, M.L., Ackerman, J.T., 2021. Nocturnal incubation recess and flushing behavior by duck hens. Ecology and Evolution
The dataset includes the bird species, sex, mercury concentration in breast feathers and whole blood, and the composite measure of fluctuating asymmetry. Statistical models were developed for each species to analyze the relationship between mercury exposure in either breast feathers or whole blood and the composite measure of fluctuating asymmetry, while accounting for the sex of each bird.
Incubation recess times for mallard and gadwall hens nesting in Grizzly Island Wildlife Area 2015 - 2017
This dataset describes incubation recess timing for mallard and gadwall hens nesting in Grizzly Island Wildlife Area in breeding seasons 2015-2017. It includes the start time, end time, and duration of recesses. This data supports the following publication: Croston, R., Hartman, C.A., Herzog, M.P., Casazza, M.L., Feldheim, C.L. and Ackerman, J.T., 2020. Timing, frequency, and duration of incubation recesses in dabbling ducks. Ecology and Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6078.
These metadata provide data used to examine mercury and selenium concentrations in eggs of birds breeding in wetlands of the Great Salt Lake ecosystem, Utah, particularly at Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge. Eggs were salvaged during 2010 - 2012 and include 33 species of birds. These data support the following publication: Ackerman, J.T., Herzog, M.P., Hartman, C.A., Isanhart, J., Herring, G., Vaughn, S., Cavitt, J.F., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Browers, H., Cline, C., and Vest, J., 2015, Mercury and selenium contamination in waterbird eggs and risk to avian reproduction at Great Salt Lake, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015-1020, 164 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151020.
We assessed total mercury concentrations in breast feathers of diurnal North American raptors collected at migration monitoring stations. We sampled raptor feathers from 9 species in the Pacific Flyway and compared species, sex, date, and flyway effects on mercury concentrations. We also explored year effects on 3 species of raptors in the Pacific Flyway during 13-years (2002-2014). Finally, we compared mercury concentrations in merlin among 4 continental flyways. These data support the following publication: Bourbour, R.P., Martinico, B.L., Ackerman, J.T., Herzog, M.P., Hull, A.C., Fish, A.M. and Hull, J.M., 2019. Feather mercury concentrations in North American raptors sampled at migration monitoring stations....
Eggshell thickness was measured at the egg equator and poles (sharp pole and blunt pole) for 12 avian species. Eggshell thickness was related to egg morphometrics (egg length and width), embryonic development, egg status, and mercury contamination. Individual eggshells each have up to 3 thickness measurements, linked by the eggshell identification. Each measurement has the corresponding egg length, egg width, egg status, mercury concentration, and nest identification. Additionally, eggshell thickness was measured at 5 equally spaced positions along the longitude of the egg (sharp pole, quarter egg, half egg, three quarter egg, and blunt pole) in a subset of Forster's tern (Sterna forsteri) eggs. These data support...
Total mercury concentrations in western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) that were caged at specific locations within four control wetlands and four treatment wetlands for a 30-day exposure time period to test the effectiveness of wetland management strategy to reduce mercury contamination. Fish data only. Water data published in a separate data release by co-authors. These data support the following publication: Ackerman, J.T., Fleck, J.A., Eagles‐Smith, C.A., Marvin‐DiPasquale, M., Windham‐Myers, L., Herzog, M.P. and McQuillen, H.L., 2019. Wetland Management Strategy to Reduce Mercury in Water and Bioaccumulation in Fish. Environmental toxicology and chemistry. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4535
Heavy metal contamination (n=17 metals) of feather and tissue samples from live and deceased Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) was evaluated. Feathers taken from live birds are low in sample weight, therefore a novel method was used in feather sample preparation. Feather samples were then analyzed utilizing an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) assay. In addition, ICP-MS was used to measure heavy metal concentrations in feather and tissue samples from salvaged hummingbird carcasses. Iron, zinc, selenium and mercury concentrations were most commonly elevated in body feathers from live birds with mercury being the metal most likely to be found in elevated concentrations. Because of this, we conducted...
Prey fish were collected at 17 Forster’s tern breeding colonies during colony visits from 2005-2015. Prey fish were identified to the lowest taxonomic category. We present relative abundances by colony and year for each of the 10 major species groups. Unidentified fish species or rarely observed species were combined into an “Other” category. We calculated an arithmetic mean, standard deviation (sd), 25th quantile, and 75th quantile for dry standard length (SL; mm) and dry mass (g) for each fish species at each colony. These data support the following publication: Peterson SH, Ackerman JT, Eagles-Smith CA, Herzog MP, Hartman CA (2018) Prey fish returned to Forster’s tern colonies suggest spatial and temporal differences...
Incubation Constancy, Number of Incubation Recesses, Recess Duration and Mercury Concentrations for Tree Swallows at the Cosumnes River Preserve 2014
These metadata provide data used to examine tree swallow incubation behavior in relation to egg mercury concentration and maternal blood mercury concentration. These data were collected from tree swallows nesting in artificial wooden nest boxes at the Cosumnes River Preserved in California's Central Valley in 2014. Included are two datasets. One dataset provides daily incubation constancy (the proportion of the day the female spent incubating her eggs), the number of incubation recesses (breaks from incubating) taken by the attending female each day and the total mercury concentration of one egg from the female's clutch, and blood total mercury concentrations collected from the mother. Additionally, we include other...
Hair and blood total mercury concentrations in raccoons and striped skunks from Suisun Marsh 2016 to 2019
Total mercury concentrations were determined in hair and whole blood of raccoons and skunks in Suisun Marsh from 2016 to 2019. Individual skunks and raccoons were identified by a unique identifier (Animal_ID) and some animals were sampled multiple times. This dataset includes animal sex, age class, the date the sample was collected, animal body mass, head length, and head-to-torso length. These data support the following publication: Peterson, Sarah H., Ackerman, J.T., Hartman, C.A., Casazza, M.L., Feldheim, C.L., and Herzog, M.P. 2020. Mercury exposure in mammalian mesopredators inhabiting a brackish marsh. Environmental Pollution