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Although the importance of aboriginal knowledge, values and perspectives in sustainable development has been recognised for many decades, worldwide examples exist showing that aboriginal involvement is less then effective. How and where to include aboriginal needs and goals has however been problematic. Ultimately, aboriginal forest values need to be considered with scientific strategies and their role and compatibility with forest conditions needs to be explored. Criteria and indicator (C&I) frameworks can be used as a platform to include community needs and goals in management decisions. This review compares aboriginal forest ecological perspectives defined by Canadian local level C&I frameworks with non-aboriginal...
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Canada is dominated by remote wilderness areas that make important conservation contributions, but are currently only protected de facto by their inaccessibility. Mechanisms for the identification and formal protection of such areas can help ensure that they continue to function naturally and provide essential ecosystem services. However, a lack of spatially explicit, publicly available sources of data on anthropogenic disturbances and natural resource extraction challenges the development of detailed wilderness inventories. We suggest that landscape structure can be used to classify areas of natural landscapes, as trained by the landscape structure of protected areas, and demonstrate this approach by mapping de...
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Northway, Alaska is a small, mostly Athabascan community with a large Formerly Used Defense Site, located near the Alaska Highway in Eastern Interior Alaska. Despite remediation in the 1990s, local residents are concerned about the contamination of wild foods. This Community Based Participatory Research project comprised two studies: the Northway Wild Food Study, to investigate contaminant levels in locally prioritized traditional foods; and the Northway Health Study, to investigate locally suspected links between historic pollution sources and health problems. The project identifies multiple pathways of exposure that were more significant in the past, including a clear water creek, whitefish, a pipeline corridor,...
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Addresses moose management in Game Management Units 19A and 19B including hunting regulations, habitat, management of predation, commercial guiding, transporting hunters, and public education.
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PURPOSE: The implementation of a management plan is proposed in order to address military uses, economic development, recreation, wildlife habitat, and access in association with the use of the Fort Wainwright Maneuver Area in Alaska. The maneuver area, commonly known as the Yukon Maneuver Area, is a tract of approximately 248,000 acres in the Fairbanks North Star Borough southeast of the city of Fairbanks. It is roughly rectangular in shape, spanning 28 miles east-to-west and 17.5 miles north-to- south; it encompasses much of the land between the Chena and Salcha rivers northeast of the Richardson Highway. Tributaries of the two rivers flow through the area at the bases of 2,000-foot hills, which predominate all...
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The Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative (Y2Y) is developing a reserve design to maintain avian biodiversity throughout the Rocky and Mackenzie Mountains. My study identified core areas of high quality bird breeding habitat in the region that represented broad habitat types important to mountain bird communities. I prioritized habitat using existing bird survey data to develop statistical models for a group of focal birds. The models predicted the probability of each bird's occurrence throughout Y2Y based on biophysical factors and anthropogenic stressors. I used the probability of species' occurrence as an index of relative habitat quality, and combined all model predictions to identify conservation priority...
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Cumulative effects management requires understanding the environmental impacts of development and finding the right balance between social, economic, and environmental objectives. We explored the use of choice experiments to elicit preferences for competing social, economic, and ecological outcomes in order to rank land and resource development options. The experiments were applied in the Southeast Yukon, a remote and resource rich region in Northern Canada with a relatively large aboriginal population. The case study addresses two issues of concern in cumulative effects management: the willingness to discount future environmental costs for immediate development benefits, and the existence of limits of acceptable...
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PURPOSE: The renewal of land withdrawals related to the Army operations of the Fort Jonathan Wainwright Yukon Training Area (formerly known as the Fort Wainwright Maneuver Area), the Fort Greely West Training Area (formerly known as the Fort Greely Maneuver Area), and the Fort Greely East Training Area (formerly known as the Fort Greely Air Drop Zone), all of which lie in Alaska, is proposed. The forts offer extensive areas providing terrain and conditions representative of northern theatres of war. Fort Wainwright lies approximately 120 miles south of the Arctic Circle near the city of Fairbanks in the interior of Alaska. The 915,098-acre installation consists of the Main Post, the Tanana Flats Training Area, and...
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This thesis investigated how uncertainty affects assessments of species’ extinction risk. Data from 374 vertebrate species assessments were input into a decision-making algorithm that emulated assessment methods for identifying (1) whether DUs could be validated based on an empirical test of ‘evolutionary significance’, (2) how expert opinion influenced threat status, and (3) how ecological uncertainty influences risk assignment and the use of expert opinion. Most DUs did not qualify as ‘significant’ designatable entities. Species with higher ecological uncertainty were more likely to be up-designated in light of expert opinion; the opposite pattern obtained for the rest. Current approaches of defining DUs and addressing...
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The boreal region in Canada contains a quarter of the world's remaining frontier forest, of which the majority is unprotected and publicly owned. This offers Canada an unprecedented conservation opportunity. The establishment of new reserves, designed to function as ecological benchmarks, could contribute to conservation of the boreal forest, and support more sustainable economic development by enabling adaptive resource management. I developed quantitative methods for identifying ecological benchmarks in the Canadian boreal forest that met ecologically-based size and connectivity requirements, as well as minimum intactness criteria. This involved (1) approximating the size required for ecological benchmarks to...
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Snow, water, ice, and permafrost are showing evidence of substantial change in the Arctic, with large variations among different geographical areas. As a result of these changes, some habitats and their associated ecosystems are expanding, while others are undergoing rapid contraction. The warming of the Arctic cryosphere is limiting the range for cold-adapted biota, and less specialized taxa including invasive species from the south are likely to become increasingly common. Extreme climate events such as winter thawing are likely to become more frequent, and may accelerate shifts in community structure and processes. Many Arctic ecosystems are interdependent, and changes in the cryosphere are altering physical,...


map background search result map search result map PREPARATION OF APPRAISALS OF NON-FEDERAL AND FEDERAL LANDS FOR A PROPOSED EQUAL VALUE LAND EXCHANGE IN THE YUKON FLATS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA BETWEEN DOYON LTD. AND THE US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES) FORT WAINWRIGHT, YUKON MANEUVER AREA, PROPOSED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN AND FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT, FAIRBANKS NORTH STAR BOROUGH, ALASKA ALASKA ARMY LANDS WITHDRAWAL RENEWAL FOR FORT WAINWRIGHT AND FORT GREELY WEST TRAINING AREA, CITY OF FAIRBANKS, CITY OF NORTH POLE, AND CITY OF DELTA JUNCTION, NORTH STAR BOROUGH, ALASKA Native plant revegetation manual for Denali National Park and Preserve Yukon River Unified Watershed Assessment WETLANDS IN THE WORKING LANDSCAPE… AN INTEGRATED APPROACH Northwest Territories Protected Areas Strategy: Mackenzie Valley five-year action plan (2004-2009): conservation planning for pipeline development Central Kuskokwim moose management plan A process to identify high quality avian habitat for the Yellowstone to Yukon reserve design Local level criteria and indicator frameworks: A tool used to assess aboriginal forest ecosystem values Mining and Canada's national parks--policy options: a case study of Nahanni National Park Reserve Representative reserve design in Canada: the contribution of existing protected areas Quantitative methods for identifying ecological benchmarks in Canada's boreal forest Conservation of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in Canada: an uncertain future The Northway Wild Food and Health Project: Confronting the legacy of toxic waste along the Alcan Identification of de facto protected areas in boreal Canada Evaluating the representation of ecological features in a protected area network: A Gap Analysis study of the Yukon Cumulative Effects Planning: Finding the Balance Using Choice Experiments Uncertainty and Decision-making for Species-at-Risk Assessments in Canada The Northway Wild Food and Health Project: Confronting the legacy of toxic waste along the Alcan ALASKA ARMY LANDS WITHDRAWAL RENEWAL FOR FORT WAINWRIGHT AND FORT GREELY WEST TRAINING AREA, CITY OF FAIRBANKS, CITY OF NORTH POLE, AND CITY OF DELTA JUNCTION, NORTH STAR BOROUGH, ALASKA FORT WAINWRIGHT, YUKON MANEUVER AREA, PROPOSED RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN AND FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT, FAIRBANKS NORTH STAR BOROUGH, ALASKA Native plant revegetation manual for Denali National Park and Preserve Mining and Canada's national parks--policy options: a case study of Nahanni National Park Reserve PREPARATION OF APPRAISALS OF NON-FEDERAL AND FEDERAL LANDS FOR A PROPOSED EQUAL VALUE LAND EXCHANGE IN THE YUKON FLATS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALASKA BETWEEN DOYON LTD. AND THE US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE (GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES) Central Kuskokwim moose management plan Cumulative Effects Planning: Finding the Balance Using Choice Experiments Quantitative methods for identifying ecological benchmarks in Canada's boreal forest Conservation of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in Canada: an uncertain future Evaluating the representation of ecological features in a protected area network: A Gap Analysis study of the Yukon Northwest Territories Protected Areas Strategy: Mackenzie Valley five-year action plan (2004-2009): conservation planning for pipeline development WETLANDS IN THE WORKING LANDSCAPE… AN INTEGRATED APPROACH A process to identify high quality avian habitat for the Yellowstone to Yukon reserve design Yukon River Unified Watershed Assessment Local level criteria and indicator frameworks: A tool used to assess aboriginal forest ecosystem values Representative reserve design in Canada: the contribution of existing protected areas Identification of de facto protected areas in boreal Canada Uncertainty and Decision-making for Species-at-Risk Assessments in Canada